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Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing
Volume 2017, Article ID 4180801, 11 pages
Research Article

Distributed Group-Based Mobility Management Scheme in Wireless Body Area Networks

1Department of Computer Science, Bahria University, Islamabad, Pakistan
2Department of Computer, Deanship of Preparatory Year, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
3University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
4Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Republic of Korea

Correspondence should be addressed to Moneeb Gohar; moc.liamg@rahogbeenom and Jin-Ghoo Choi;

Received 2 February 2017; Revised 19 April 2017; Accepted 26 April 2017; Published 23 May 2017

Academic Editor: Jaime Lloret

Copyright © 2017 Moneeb Gohar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


For group-based mobility management in 6LoWPAN-based wireless body area networks (WBAN), some schemes using the Proxy Mobile IPv6 (PMIP) have been proposed. However, the existing PMIP-based mobility schemes tend to induce large registration delay and handover delay. To overcome such limitations, we propose a new distributed group-based mobility management scheme, in which the Local Mobility Anchor (LMA) function is implemented by each Mobile Access Gateway (MAG) and the handover operation is performed between two neighboring MAGs without the help of LMA. Besides, each MAG maintains the information of the group of mobile sensors and aggregates the Authentication-Authorization-Accounting (AAA) query messages for a group of mobile sensors as a “single” message to decrease the control overhead. By numerical analysis, it is shown that the proposed scheme can reduce the registration and handover delays, compared to the existing PMIP-based mobility schemes.