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Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 4390197, 8 pages
Research Article

Area Spectral Efficiency and Energy Efficiency Tradeoff in Ultradense Heterogeneous Networks

Key Laboratory of Cognitive Radio and Information Processing, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin 541004, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Hongbin Chen

Received 4 March 2017; Accepted 15 June 2017; Published 12 July 2017

Academic Editor: Bernard Cousin

Copyright © 2017 Lanhua Xiang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In order to meet the demand of explosive data traffic, ultradense base station (BS) deployment in heterogeneous networks (HetNets) as a key technique in 5G has been proposed. However, with the increment of BSs, the total energy consumption will also increase. So, the energy efficiency (EE) has become a focal point in ultradense HetNets. In this paper, we take the area spectral efficiency (ASE) into consideration and focus on the tradeoff between the ASE and EE in an ultradense HetNet. The distributions of BSs in the two-tier ultradense HetNet are modeled by two independent Poisson point processes (PPPs) and the expressions of ASE and EE are derived by using the stochastic geometry tool. The tradeoff between the ASE and EE is formulated as a constrained optimization problem in which the EE is maximized under the ASE constraint, through optimizing the BS densities. It is difficult to solve the optimization problem analytically, because the closed-form expressions of ASE and EE are not easily obtained. Therefore, simulations are conducted to find optimal BS densities.