Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing
Volume 2017, Article ID 8086204, 25 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8086204
Research Article

Fuzzy Logic Based Coverage and Cost Effective Placement of Serving Nodes for 4G and Beyond Cellular Networks

1School of Electronics Engineering, VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
2School of Electrical Engineering, VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence should be addressed to Arthi Murugadass; moc.liamg@sadmihtra

Received 14 July 2016; Revised 13 October 2016; Accepted 23 October 2016; Published 16 January 2017

Academic Editor: Giovanni Pau

Copyright © 2017 Arthi Murugadass and Arulmozhivarman Pachiyappan. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B.-J. Chang, Y.-H. Liang, and S.-S. Su, “Analyses of relay nodes deployment in 4G wireless mobile multihop relay networks,” Wireless Personal Communications, vol. 83, no. 2, pp. 1159–1181, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. Khandekar, N. Bhushan, J. Tingfang, and V. Vanghi, “LTE-advanced: heterogeneous networks,” in Proceedings of the 2010 European Wireless Conference (EW '10), pp. 978–982, Lucca, Italy, April 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. Damnjanovic, J. Montojo, Y. Wei et al., “A survey on 3GPP heterogeneous networks,” IEEE Wireless Communications, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 10–21, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. Y.-C. Wang and C.-A. Chuang, “Efficient eNB deployment strategy for heterogeneous cells in 4G LTE systems,” Computer Networks, vol. 79, pp. 297–312, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Arthi and P. Arulmozhivarman, “A flexible and cost-effective heterogeneous network deployment scheme for beyond 4G,” Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, vol. 41, no. 12, pp. 5093–5109, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet
  6. S. Lee, S. Lee, K. Kim, D. Griffith, and N. Golmie, “Optimal deployment of pico base stations in LTE-Advanced heterogeneous networks,” Computer Networks, vol. 72, pp. 127–139, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. I. F. Akyildiz, D. M. Gutierrez-Estevez, R. Balakrishnan, and E. Chavarria-Reyes, “LTE-advanced and the evolution to Beyond 4G (B4G) systems,” Physical Communication, vol. 10, pp. 31–60, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  8. A. B. Saleh, S. Redana, J. Hämäläinen, and B. Raaf, “On the coverage extension and capacity enhancement of inband relay deployments in LTE-advanced networks,” Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, vol. 2010, Article ID 894846, 12 pages, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J.-Y. Chang and Y.-S. Lin, “A clustering deployment scheme for base stations and relay stations in multi-hop relay networks,” Computers and Electrical Engineering, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 407–420, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Y. Ge, S. Wen, and Y.-H. Ang, “Analysis of optimal relay selection in IEEE 802.16 multihop relay networks,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC '09), pp. 1–6, Budapest, Hungary, April 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. T. Tsourakis and K. Voudouris, “WiMAX network planning and system's performance evaluation,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC '07), pp. 1948–1953, March 2007.
  12. J. Shin, R. Kumar, Y. Shin, and T. F. La Porta, “Multi-hop wireless relay networks of mesh clients,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC '08), pp. 2717–2722, April 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. I.-K. Fu, W.-H. Sheen, and F.-C. Ren, “Deployment and radio resource reuse in IEEE 802.16j multi-hop relay network in Manhattan-like environment,” in Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Information, Communications and Signal Processing (ICICS '07), pp. 1–5, December 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Y. Yu, S. Murphy, and L. Murphy, “Planning base station and relay station locations in IEEE 802.16j multi-hop relay networks,” in Proceedings of the 5th IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CCNC '08), pp. 922–926, IEEE, Las Vegas, Nev, USA, January 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S.-J. Kim, S.-Y. Kim, B.-B. Lee, S.-W. Ryu, H.-W. Lee, and C.-H. Cho, “Multi-hop relay based coverage extension in the IEEE802.16J based mobile WiMAX systems,” in Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Networked Computing and Advanced Information Management (NCM '08), pp. 516–522, Gyeongju, Republic of Korea, September 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. H.-C. Lu and W. Liao, “Joint base station and relay station placement for IEEE 802.16j networks,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (GLOBECOM '09), December 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J.-Y. Chang and Y.-S. Lin, “An efficient base station and relay station placement scheme for multi-hop relay networks,” Wireless Personal Communications, vol. 82, no. 3, pp. 1907–1929, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. C.-K. Ting, C.-N. Lee, H.-C. Chang, and J.-S. Wu, “Wireless heterogeneous transmitter placement using multiobjective variable-length genetic algorithm,” IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics. Part B, Cybernetics, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 945–958, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. C.-H. Lung and C. Zhou, “Using hierarchical agglomerative clustering in wireless sensor networks: an energy-efficient and flexible approach,” Ad Hoc Networks, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 328–344, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. Han, J. Pei, and M. Kamber, Data Mining: Concepts and Techniques, Elsevier, New York, NY, USA, 2011.
  21. Y.-C. Wang, Y.-F. Chen, and Y.-C. Tseng, “Using rotatable and directional (R&D) sensors to achieve temporal coverage of objects and its surveillance application,” IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 1358–1371, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. Fujitsu. High-Capacity Indoor Wireless Solutions: Picocell or Fem-to cell, 2014, http://www.fujitsu.com/downloads/TEL/fnc/whitepapers/High-Capacity-Indoor-Wireless.pdf.
  23. “3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network; Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Relay radio transmission and reception (release 11),” Tech. Rep. TR 36.826, V11.0.0 (2012-09), 2011.
  24. M. Arthi, P. Arulmozhivarman, K. V. Babu, J. J. Joy, and E. M. George, “Technical challenges in mobile multi-hop relay networks,” International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, vol. 10, no. 10, pp. 26025–26036, 2015. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. B. Bede, “Single input single output fuzzy systems,” in Mathematics of Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy Logic, pp. 105–136, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  26. E. Weisstein, Wolfram Mathworld, http://mathworld.wolfram.com/Circle-CircleIntersection.html.
  27. TR 136 942, ‘European Telecommunications Standards Institute: LTE; Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Radio Frequency (RF) system scenarios (3GPP TR 36.942 version 8.2.0 Release 8)’, V8.2.0 (2009-07).
  28. European Telecommunications Standards Institute, “LTE; Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Radio Frequency (RF) requirements for LTE Pico Node B,” Tech. Rep. TR 136 931, V9.0.0, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  29. M. Taranetz, T. Blazek, T. Kropfreiter, M. K. Müller, S. Schwarz, and M. Rupp, “Runtime precoding: enabling multipoint transmission in LTE-advanced system-level simulations,” IEEE Access, vol. 3, pp. 725–736, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  30. D. Martín-Sacristán, J. F. Monserrat, V. Osa, and J. Cabrejas, “LTE-advanced system level simulation platform for IMT-advanced evaluation,” Waves, pp. 15–23, 2011, http://www.iteam.upv.es/pdf_articles/42.pdf.
  31. Y. S. Cho, J. Kim, W. Y. Yang, and C. G. Kang, MIMO-OFDM Wireless Communications with MATLAB, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 2010.
  32. M. Vincent, K. V. Babu, M. Arthi, and P. Arulmozhivarman, “A novel fuzzy based relay node deployment scheme for multi-hop relay network,” Procedia Technology, vol. 24, pp. 842–853, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  33. S. Moon, B. Kim, S. Malik et al., “Cell selection and resource allocation for interference management in a macro-picocell heterogeneous network,” Wireless Personal Communications, vol. 83, no. 3, pp. 1887–1901, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. 3GPP, “Comparison of time-domain eICIC solutions,” 3GPP R1 104661, 3GPP Std, Madrid, Spain, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  35. “Summary of the description of candidate eICIC solutions,” Tech. Rep. R1-104968, 3GPP Std, Madrid, Spain, 2010.