Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing
Volume 2018, Article ID 7243875, 23 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/7243875
Research Article

Centralized Connectivity for Multiwireless Edge Computing and Cellular Platform: A Smart Vehicle Parking System

1Department of Computer and Information Security, Sejong University, 209 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 05006, Republic of Korea
2Department of Computer Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 16419, Republic of Korea
3Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Northeastern State University, 611 N. Grand Ave, Tahlequah, OK 74464, USA
4Center for Advanced Image and Information Technology, School of Electronics & Information Engineering, Chonbuk National University, 664-14 1Ga Deokjin-dong, Jeonju, Chonbuk 561-756, Republic of Korea

Correspondence should be addressed to Young-Gab Kim; rk.ca.gnojes@ibagsyawla and Malrey Lee; rk.ca.kubnohc@eelrm

Received 13 October 2017; Revised 2 December 2017; Accepted 17 December 2017; Published 20 February 2018

Academic Editor: Shangguang Wang

Copyright © 2018 Aamir Shahzad et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. T. N. Pham, M.-F. Tsai, D. B. Nguyen, C.-R. Dow, and D.-J. Deng, “A Cloud-Based Smart-Parking System Based on Internet-of-Things Technologies,” IEEE Access, vol. 3, pp. 1581–1591, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. Khanna and R. Anand, “IoT based smart parking system,” in Proceedings of the 2016 International Conference on Internet of Things and Applications, IOTA 2016, pp. 266–270, Pune, India, June 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. C. Rhodes, W. Blewitt, C. Sharp, G. Ushaw, and G. Morgan, “Smart routing: A novel application of collaborative path-finding to smart parking systems,” in Proceedings of the 16th IEEE Conference on Business Informatics, CBI 2014, pp. 119–126, Geneva, Switzerland, July 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. N. Mejri, M. Ayari, R. Langar, F. Kamoun, G. Pujolle, and L. Saidane, “Cooperation versus competition towards an efficient parking assignment solution,” in Proceedings of the 2014 1st IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2014, pp. 2915–2920, Sydney, Australia, June 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. C. J. Rodier and S. A. Shaheen, “Transit-based smart parking: An evaluation of the San Francisco Bay area field test,” Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 225–233, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. A. Bagula, L. Castelli, and M. Zennaro, “On the design of smart parking networks in the smart cities: An optimal sensor placement model,” Sensors, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 15443–15467, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Z. Pala and N. Inanç, “Smart parking applications using RFID technology,” in Proceedings of the 1st Annual RFID Eurasia, pp. 1–3, Istanbul, Turkey, September 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. Want, “An introduction to RFID technology,” IEEE Pervasive Computing, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 25–33, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. Majrouhi Sardroud, “Influence of RFID technology on automated management of construction materials and components,” Scientia Iranica, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 381–392, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. L. Mainetti, L. Palano, L. Patrono, M. L. Stefanizzi, and R. Vergallo, “Integration of RFID and WSN technologies in a Smart Parking System,” in Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Software, Telecommunications and Computer Networks, SoftCOM 2014, pp. 104–110, Split, Croatia, September 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Pala, Zeydin, and N. Inanc, “Utilizing RFID for smart parking applications,” Facta universitatis-series: Mechanical Engineering, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 101–118, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  12. K. Hassoune, W. Dachry, F. Moutaouakkil, and H. Medromi, “Smart parking systems: A survey,” in Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Intelligent Systems: Theories and Applications, SITA 2016, pp. 1–6, Mohammedia, Morocco, October 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. W. Hsu, M. H. Shih, H. Y. Huang, Y. C. Shiue, and S. C. Huang, “Verification of smart guiding system to search for parking space via DSRC communication,” in Proceedings of the 2012 12th International Conference on ITS Telecommunications, ITST 2012, Taipei, Taiwan, November 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. Du, J. Fang, and H. Cao, “A new solution for city parking guiding based on Internet of Things and multi-level multi-agent,” in Proceedings of the 2011 International Conference on Electronics, Communications and Control, ICECC 2011, pp. 4093–4096, Ningbo, China, September 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. L. Lambrinos and A. Dosis, “DisAssist: An internet of things and mobile communications platform for disabled parking space management,” in Proceedings of the 2013 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2013, pp. 2810–2815, Atlanta, GA, USA, December 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. H. Wang and W. He, “A reservation-based smart parking system,” in Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE Conference on Computer Communications Workshops, INFOCOM WKSHPS 2011, Shanghai, China, April 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. Y. Geng and C. G. Cassandras, “A new “Smart Parking” System Infrastructure and Implementation,” Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 54, pp. 1278–1287, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. S. Qin and X. Yao, “An intelligent parking system based on GSM module,” Applied Mathematics & Information Sciences, vol. 7, no. 1L, pp. 55–59, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. R. E. Barone, T. Giuffre, S. M. Siniscalchi, M. A. Morgano, and G. Tesoriere, “Architecture for parking management in smart cities,” IET Intelligent Transport Systems, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 445–452, August 2014. View at Google Scholar
  20. S. A. Faheem, G. M. Mahmud, M. Khan, H. Rahman, and Zafar, “A Survey of Intelligent Car Parking System,” Journal of Applied Research and Technology, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 714–726, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. F. I. Shaikh, P. N. Jadhav, S. P. Bandarkar et al., “Smart Parking System Based on Embedded System and Sensor Network,” International Journal of Computer Applications, vol. 140, no. 12, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. A. Correa, G. Boquet, A. Morell, and etal., “Autonomous car parking system through a cooperative vehicular positioning network,” Sensors, vol. 17, no. 4, article no. 848, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. Cui, M. Wu, C. Liu, and N. Rong, “The research and implement of the intelligent parking reservation management system based on ZigBee technology,” in Proceedings of the 2014 6th International Conference on Measuring Technology and Mechatronics Automation, ICMTMA 2014, pp. 741–744, Zhangjiajie, China, January 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. D. J. Bonde, R. S. Shende, A. S. Kedari, K. S. Gaikwad, and A. U. Bhokre, “Automated car parking system commanded by Android application,” in Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Computer Communication and Informatics (ICCCI '14), pp. 1–4, IEEE, Coimbatore, India, January 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. O. Reza et al., “Smart parking system with image processing facility,” International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 41–47, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  26. M. Y. I. Idris, E. M. Tamil, Z. Razak, N. M. Noor, and L. W. Km, “Smart parking system using image processing techniques in wireless sensor network environment,” Information Technology Journal, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 114–127, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. Banerjee, P. Choudekar, and M. K. Muju, “Real time car parking system using image processing,” in Proceedings of the 2011 3rd International Conference on Electronics Computer Technology, ICECT 2011, pp. 99–103, Kanyakumari, India, April 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. I. Song, K. Gowan, J. Nery et al., “Intelligent parking system design using FPGA,” in Proceedings of the 2006 International Conference on Field Programmable Logic and Applications, FPL, pp. 1–6, Madrid, Spain, August 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. M. Gallo, L. D'Acierno, and B. Montella, “A multilayer model to simulate cruising for parking in urban areas,” Transport Policy, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 735–744, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. D. Van der Goot, “A model to describe the choice of parking places,” Transportation Research Part A: General, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 109–115, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. R. G. Thompson and A. J. Richardson, “A parking search model,” Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 159–170, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. W. Young and M. Taylor, “A parking model hierarchy,” Transportation, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 37–58, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. M. M. Berenger Vianna, L. da Silva Portugal, and R. Balassiano, “Intelligent transportation systems and parking management: Implementation potential in a Brazilian city,” Cities, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 137–148, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. J. Li, H. Hu, Q. Ke, and N. Xiong, “A novel topology link-controlling approach for active defense of a node in a network,” Sensors, vol. 17, no. 3, article no. 553, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. P.-F. Wu, F. Xiao, C. Sha, H.-P. Huang, R.-C. Wang, and N.-X. Xiong, “Node scheduling strategies for achieving full-view area coverage in camera sensor networks,” Sensors, vol. 17, no. 6, article no. 1303, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. H. Cheng, Y. Chen, N. Xiong, and F. Li, “Layer-based data aggregation and performance analysis in wireless sensor networks,” Journal of Applied Mathematics, vol. 2013, Article ID 502381, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. F. Xia, R. Hao, J. Li, N. Xiong, L. T. Yang, and Y. Zhang, “Adaptive GTS allocation in IEEE 802.15.4 for real-time wireless sensor networks,” Journal of Systems Architecture, vol. 59, no. 10, pp. 1231–1242, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. Roussos and George, Networked RFID: systems, software and services, Springer Science & Business Media, 2008.
  39. J. P. Benson, T. O'Donovan, P. O'Sullivan et al., “Car-park management using wireless sensor networks,” in Proceedings of the 31st Annual IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks, LCN 2006, pp. 588–595, Tampa, FL, USA, November 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. Shaheen and Susan, Smart parking management field test: A bay area rapid transit (bart) district parking demonstration, Institute of Transportation Studies, 2005.
  41. R. Yusnita, F. Norbaya, and N. Basharuddin, “Intelligent Parking Space Detection System Based on Image Processing,” International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology, vol. 3, article no. 232, no. 3, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  42. P. E. Hart, N. J. Nilsson, and B. Raphael, “A formal basis for the heuristic determination of minimum cost paths,” IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 100–107, 1968. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  43. M. M. Rashid, A. Musa, M. A. Rahman, N. Farahana, and A. Farhana, “Automatic parking management system and parking fee collection based on number plate recognition,” International Journal of Machine Learning and Computing, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 93–98, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  44. H. R. H. Al-Absi, J. D. D. Devaraj, P. Sebastian, and Y. V. Voon, “Vision-based automated parking system,” in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Information Sciences, Signal Processing and their Applications, ISSPA 2010, pp. 757–760, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, May 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. E. Karbab, D. Djenouri, S. Boulkaboul, and A. Bagula, “Car park management with networked wireless sensors and active RFID,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Electro/Information Technology (EIT '15), pp. 373–378, IEEE, Dekalb, Ga, USA, May 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  46. E. P. C. EPCglobal, “Radio-frequency identity protocols class-1 generation-2 uhf rfid protocol for communications at 860 mhz–960 mhz version 1.0. 9,” 2004, K. Chiew et al./On False Authenticationsfor C1G2 Passive RFID Tags 65.
  47. C. Ying and Z. Fu-Hong, “A system design for UHF RFID reader,” in Proceedings of the 2008 11th IEEE International Conference on Communication Technology, ICCT 2008, pp. 301–304, Hangzhou, China, November 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. A. Shahzad, M. Lee, H. D. Kim, S.-M. Woo, and N. Xiong, “New security development and trends to secure the SCADA sensors automated transmission during critical sessions,” Symmetry, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 1945–1980, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. A. Shahzad, M. Lee, C. Lee et al., “The protocol design and New approach for SCADA security enhancement during sensors broadcasting system,” Multimedia Tools and Applications, vol. 75, no. 22, pp. 14641–14668, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus