Reporting guidelines

To ensure that articles published in Hindawi journals have high standards of transparency and reproducibility, we strongly encourage authors to use appropriate reporting guidelines when preparing and submitting their articles. We also support our editors and reviewers in the use of these guidelines to aid their assessment of articles during the review process.

What are reporting guidelines

Reporting guidelines outline the information needed in an article about research using a particular study design, as defined by experts in the field. They are structured tools that usually include a checklist to be completed by the authors, along with other documents such as flowcharts. Reporting guidelines aim to ensure that articles can be:

  • Understood by a researcher 
  • Replicated by a researcher 
  • Included in a systematic review

    Which reporting guideline should I use

    We endorse the EQUATOR Network and FAIRsharing, which list clinical and general science guidelines, respectively. For the most common study designs, we recommend the following:

    Study design

    Reporting guideline

    Randomized trials


    Non-randomized controlled trials 


    Animal preclinical studies


    Systematic reviews


    Observational studies


    Genetic association studies


    Case reports


    Qualitative research


    Diagnostic/prognostic studies


      Are reporting guidelines mandated

      While authors are not currently required to complete checklists on submission, we strongly encourage the use of relevant reporting guidelines when preparing research articles. Our reviewers and editors are also encouraged to refer to these guidelines during the review process. 

      We are considering enforcing several reporting standards in the future. 

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