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BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 319524, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/319524
Review Article

A Systematic Review of Effects of Concurrent Strength and Endurance Training on the Health-Related Quality of Life and Cardiopulmonary Status in Patients with HIV/AIDS

1Departamento de Biofunção, Curso de Fisioterapia, Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), 40110-160 Salvador, BA, Brazil
2Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina e Saúde da Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), 40110-160 Salvador, BA, Brazil

Received 6 September 2012; Revised 5 March 2013; Accepted 5 March 2013

Academic Editor: Sharad Rastogi

Copyright © 2013 Mansueto Gomes Neto et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. To determine the effects of concurrent strength and endurance training (concurrent training) on the Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) and cardiopulmonary status among HIV-infected patients, using a systematic search strategy of randomized, controlled trials (RCTs). Methods. A systematic review was performed by two independent reviewers using Cochrane Collaboration protocol. The sources used in this review were Cochrane Library, EMBASE, LILACS, MEDLINE, PEDro and Web of Science from 1950 to August 2012. The PEDro score was used to evaluate methodological quality. Result. Individual studies suggested that concurrent training contributed to improved HRQOL and cardiovascular status. Concurrent training appears to be safe and may be beneficial for medically stable adults living with HIV. The rates of nonadherence were of 16%. Conclusion. Concurrent training improves the HRQOL and cardiopulmonary status. It may be an important intervention in the care and treatment of adults living with HIV. Further research is needed to determine the minimal and optimal duration, frequency, and intensity of exercise needed to produce beneficial changes in the HIV-infected population subgroups.