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Biochemistry Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 141469, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/141469
Research Article

A Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship and Molecular Modeling Study on a Series of Heteroaryl- and Heterocyclyl-Substituted Imidazo[1,2-a]Pyridine Derivatives Acting as Acid Pump Antagonists

1Department of Biotechnology, Meerut Institute of Engineering and Technology, Meerut 250005, India
2Department of Pharmaceutical Technology and Department of Applied Sciences, Meerut Institute of Engineering and Technology, Meerut 250005, India

Received 24 June 2013; Accepted 29 July 2013

Academic Editor: R. J. Linhardt

Copyright © 2013 Neeraj Agarwal et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) and molecular docking study has been performed on a series of heteroaryl- and heterocyclyl-substituted imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine derivatives acting as acid pump antagonists in order to have a better understanding of the mechanism of H+/K+-ATPase inhibition. The QSAR study shows a significant correlation of activity with Global Topological Charge Indices (GTCI) of the compounds and the hydrophobic constant of some substituents, indicating that the charge transfer within the molecule and the hydrophobic property of some substituents will be the controlling factor of the activity of these compounds and that there can be dispersion interaction between the molecules and the receptor, where some substituents may have hydrophobic interaction, too. Based on this correlation some new compounds with higher potency have been predicted and their docking study has been performed to see if they can have better interaction with the receptor. The ADME properties of these predicted compounds have also been reported that follow Lipinski’s rule of five.