Table 2: Major types of early childhood programs and their effects on factors associated with income-related gaps in school readiness.

(1)(2)(3)(4)
ParentingMaternal & child healthChild careParental education

I. Parental support during pregnancy/early childhood
II. Parent support & child care(children age 0–2)
III. Child care (children age 0–2)
IV. Preschool (children age 3-4)
V. Income supports
VI. Parental education

Note: indicates that there is evidence that these types of policies can be effective in closing gaps associated with differences in this set of factors.