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Child Development Research
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 898406, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/898406
Research Article

Influence of Affordances in the Home Environment on Motor Development of Young Children in Japan

1National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya, Faculty of Physical Education, 1 Shiromizu-cho, Kanoya, Kagoshima, Japan
2Child Care St. Mary’s College, Nagoya, 2-54 Myogetsu-cho, Shouwa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
3Texas A&M University, Department of Health & Kinesiology, College Station, TX 77843, USA

Received 14 May 2013; Accepted 22 July 2013

Academic Editor: Annie Vinter

Copyright © 2013 Shiro Mori et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Previous research indicates that the home environment is a significant factor in early child development. The present study examined influence of the multidimensional home environment on young Japanese children’s motor development. A Japanese translation of the Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development-Self Report (AHEMD-SR) was used to assess home motor affordances in 262 families. Motor ability was assessed by parental report using the Enjoji Infant Analytic Developmental Test. We also asked parents to rate their own physical activity in terms of level and years of experience. As results, we found that the home environment in Japan was generally sufficient for children’s motor development and that children’s access to Fine Motor Toys (FMT) and Gross Motor Toys (GMT) had the strongest influence on their development. Analysis also indicated that AHEMD-SR scores were higher for children of parents who had some level of physical activity experience compared to children whose parents indicated no physical activity experience. Parents’ self-reported activity level was correlated with higher scores for the subscales FMT and GMT and for total AHEMD-SR score. These results indicate that both the physical and social-psychological environments (parental experience and views) of the home influenced children’s motor development.