Table 1: List of ectomycorrhizal fungi found associated with eucalypts in Africa with an indication of the country where the observation was made and the reference.

Putative ecm fungiAssociated eucalyptsCountriesReferences

Amanita muscaria (L.) HookE. camaldulensis Dehnh.MA[1]
Amanita phalloides Fr.§Eucalyptus sp.TZ[2]
Amanita zambiana Pegler & PiearceEucalyptus sp.EAf[3]
Cantharellus densifolius Heinem.E. grandis W. Hill ex MaidenZA[4]
Cenococcum geophilum Fr.E. camaldulensis MA[1]
Cenococcum geophilum Fr. : Fr.E. gomphocephala DC.MA[1]
Chondrogaster pachysporus MaireEucalyptus sp.NAf[5]
Descomyces albus (Klotzsch) Bougher & CastellanoEucalyptus sp. CA, NAf[5]
Hydnangium carneum Wallr.E. globulus Labill.CA[6]
Hymenangium album KlotzschEucalyptus sp. CA, NAf[5, 7]
Hypogeous fungus (not determined)Eucalyptus (hybrid)CG[8]
Labyrinthomyces donkii MalençonEucalyptus sp.MA[7, 9]
Laccaria laccata (Scop.) Fr.E. camaldulensis MA[1]
Laccaria lateritia Malençon§Eucalyptus sp.ZR[10]
Laccaria lateritia §E. maideni F. Muell.ZR[11]
Laccaria lateritia §E. globulus CA[6]
Paxillus involutus (Batsch) Fr.Eucalyptus sp.MA[12]
Paxillus involutus E. camaldulensis MA[1]
Paxillus sp. Eucalyptus (hybrid)CG[8]
Phlebopus sudanicus (Har. & Pat.) Heinem.E. camaldulensis SE[13]
Phlebopus sudanicus E. tereticornis Sm.SE[13]
Phylloporus sp.Eucalyptus (hybrid)CG[8]
Pisolithus arhizus (Scop. : Pers.) Rausch*Eucalyptus sp.ZR[14]
Pisolithus arhizus* E. camaldulensis ZR[11]
Pisolithus arhizus* E. umbellata DominZR[11]
Pisolithus arhizus* E. microcorys F. Muell.ZR[11]
Pisolithus arhizus* E. saligna Sm.ZR[11]
Pisolithus arhizus* E. urophylla S.T. BlakeCG[15]
Pisolithus albus (Cooke & Massee) PriestE. apodophylla Blakely & JacobsSE[16]
Pisolithus albus E. camaldulensis BF[13]
Pisolithus albus E. camaldulensis CI[13]
Pisolithus albus E. camaldulensis MA[13]
Pisolithus albus E. camaldulensis NG[13]
Pisolithus albus E. camaldulensis SE[16]
Pisolithus albus E. camaldulensis TH[13]
Pisolithus albus E. camaldulensis TU[13]
Pisolithus albus E. gomphocephala MA[1]
Pisolithus albus E. grandis MA[13]
Pisolithus albus E. pantoleuca L.A.S. Johnson & K.D. HillSE[16]
Pisolithus albus E. robusta Sm.SE[16]
Pisolithus albus Eucalyptus sp. RW, BU[17]
Pisolithus microcarpus (Cooke & Massee) G. Cunn.E. camaldulensis MA[13]
Pisolithus microcarpus E. grandis MA[13]
Pisolithus marmoratus (Berk.) E. Fisch.E. alba BlumeCG[13]
Pisolithus marmoratus E. grandis CG[13]
Pisolithus marmoratus E. pellita F. Muell.CG[13]
Pisolithus marmoratus E. urophylla CG[13]
Pisolithus marmoratus Eucalyptus (hybrid)CG[8]
Rhizopogon luteolus Fr.#E. camaldulensis ZR[11]
Rhizopogon luteolus #E. microcorys ZR[11]
Rhizopogon luteolus #E. saligna ZR[11]
Rhizopogon luteolus #E. umbellata ZR[11]
Rhizopogon vulgaris (Vittad.) M. Lange#E. globulus CA[6]
Russula sp.E. camaldulensis MA[1]
Scleroderma albidum Pat. & Trabut**Eucalyptus sp.DZ, MA, CG, SAf [5]
Scleroderma bovista Fr.E. camaldulensis MA[1]
Scleroderma capensis LloydE. camaldulensis SE[18]
Scleroderma capensis LloydE. robusta SE[18]
Scleroderma cepa Pers.**Eucalyptus sp.RW BU[17]
Scleroderma cepa** E. globulus CA[6]
Scleroderma citrinum Pers.Eucalyptus sp.RW, BU[17]
Scleroderma flavidum Ellis & Everh.Eucalyptus (hybrid)CG[8]
Scleroderma laeve Lloyd**Eucalyptus sp.SAf[5]
Scleroderma polyrhizum (J.F. Gmel.) Pers.**Eucalyptus sp.CA[5]
Scleroderma verrucosum (Bull.:Pers.) Pers.***E. camaldulensis GU, SE[19]
Scleroderma verrucosum*** Eucalyptus sp. GU[18]
Scleroderma verrucosum*** E. robusta SE[13]
Scleroderma sp.Eucalyptus sp.MW[20]
Scleroderma sp.Eucalyptus sp.ZA[20]
Scleroderma sp.Eucalyptus sp.ZW[20]
Scleroderma sp.Eucalyptus (hybrid)CG[8]
Thelephora sp.Eucalyptus (hybrid)CG[8]
Tricholoma sp.E. camaldulensis MA[1]

Legend: Countries: DZ: Algeria, NAf: North Africa, EAf: East Africa, SAf: South Africa, BF: Burkina Faso, BU: Burundi, CA: Canary Islands, CG: Congo, ZR: Democratic Republic of Congo, CI: Cote d’Ivoire, GU: Guinea, MA: Morocco, MW: Malawi, NG: Niger, SE: Senegal, RW: Rwanda, TZ: Tanzania, TH: Chad, TU: Tunisia, ZA: Zambia, and ZW: Zimbabwe. References: 1: [21, 22], 2: [23], 3: [24], 4: [25], 5: [26], 6: [27], 7: [28], 8: [29], 9: [30], 10: [31], 11: [32], 12: [33], 13: [34, 35], 14: [36], 15: [37], 16: [38], 17: [39], 18: [40], 19: [17], and 20: Authors’ personal observations.
* Pisolithus arhizus is a temperate European species described from acidic soils and associated with trees like Quercus, betulus, or pinus. Its presence in Africa associated with introduced Australian species is unlikely. Our assumption is that the specific epithet “arhizus” is erroneous.
**The systematic of Scleroderma are complex and the erroneous use of specific epithets in the identification of this species has to be kept in mind.
***In the absence of any indication on the subspecies, the possibilities of synonymy with other species are multiple.
#Rhizopogon is a genus mostly associated with pines and some temperate deciduous trees. A poor mycorrhizal colonization of eucalypt roots by these Rhizopogon can be considered; indeed Rhizopogon spp. differed markedly in their ability to form ectomycorrhizas according to their taxonomical section and host plant [41].
§The presence of these temperate taxa in tropical countries has to be carefully considered; confusion with local tropical taxa might be possible.