Table 1: Baseline characteristics of the study population.

CharacteristicsWHtR < 0.5 ( = 1,128)WHtR ≥ 0.5 ( = 1,506)

Age, years37 (29; 48)54 (42; 63)<0.01
Men, %31.858.3<0.01
Current smokers, %34.026.8<0.01
Physical active, %54.440.6<0.01
Employment, %<0.01
 Employed 72.050.3
 Retired 10.735.7
 Unemployed 17.314.0
Marital status, %<0.01
 Married 57.174.3
 Divorced or widowed12.414.0
 Single 30.511.7
School education, %<0.01
 <10 years16.242.2
 10 years60.042.5
 >10 years23.815.3
Liver disease. %2.36.9<0.01
Body mass index, kg/m223.1 (21.6; 24.8)28.8 (26.9; 31.5)<0.01
Waist circumference, cm76 (70; 81)95 (90; 102)<0.01
Alcohol consumption, g/day5.0 (0; 13.6)5.4 (0; 19.8)0.03
Total cholesterol, mmol/L5.3 (4.6; 6.0)6.0 (5.3; 6.7)<0.01
HDL cholesterol, mmol/L1.6 (1.3; 1.9)1.3 (1.1; 1.6)<0.01
LDL cholesterol, mmol/L3.0 (2.4; 3.8)3.8 (3.1; 4.5)<0.01
Glucose, mmol/L5.0 (4.7; 5.4)5.4 (5.0; 5.8)<0.01
Systolic blood pressure, mm Hg123 (113; 134)139 (128; 152)<0.01
Diastolic blood pressure, mm Hg78 (72; 84)87 (80; 94)<0.01
Hypertension, %22.463.4<0.01
Incident CVD, %3.49.0<0.01
Incident T2DM, %0.77.7<0.01

CVD: cardiovascular disease; T2DM: type 2 diabetes mellitus; HDL: high-density lipoprotein; LDL: low-density lipoprotein. Continuous data are expressed as median (25th; 75th percentile); nominal data are given as percentages. -test (nominal data) and Mann-Whitney test (interval data) were performed.