Table 2: Association between potential predictors and cardiovascular disease (CVD) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among abdominal obese individuals calculated by logistic regression models adjusted for sex, age, and waist circumference.

Incident CVDIncident T2DMIncident T2DM or CVD
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)

(cases)1506 (136)1490 (114)1490 (234)
Sociodemographic parameters
Unemployment2.43 (1.39; 4.25)<0.011.03 (0.53; 1.97)0.941.83 (1.12; 2.97)0.02
Marital status (ref: married)
 Divorced or widowed1.89 (1.24; 2.88)<0.011.32 (0.58; 3.00)0.501.69 (1.02; 2.80)0.04
 Single 1.47 (0.82; 2.65)0.201.46 (0.49; 4.39)0.501.65 (0.85; 3.19)0.14
Lifestyle parameters
Current smoking1.10 (0.72; 1.68)0.671.09 (0.76; 1.56)0.641.04 (0.75; 1.42)0.83
No physical activity0.94 (0.45; 1.96)0.881.31 (0.74; 2.33)0.361.11 (0.61; 2.02)0.72
Health parameters
Liver disease1.31 (0.68; 2.49)0.422.67 (1.18; 6.04)0.021.97 (1.09; 3.57)0.02
Hypertension1.43 (1.05; 1.95)0.021.18 (0.76; 1.83)0.471.39 (1.16; 1.67)<0.01
Alcohol consumption (ref: Q1)0.930.210.44
 Q21.04 (0.59; 1.83)0.81 (0.38; 1.71)0.91 (0.49; 1.69)
 Q31.02 (0.67; 1.56)0.99 (0.63; 1.54)0.94 (0.63; 1.39)
 Q41.02 (0.67; 1.56)0.64 (0.38; 1.06)0.85 (0.61; 1.19)
Total cholesterol (ref: Q1)0.010.130.12
 Q21.11 (0.74; 1.66)0.49 (0.24; 1.02)0.84 (0.54; 1.29)
 Q31.22 (0.73; 2.03)0.54 (0.29; 0.98)0.88 (0.62; 1.26)
 Q41.89 (1.20; 2.99)0.67 (0.43; 1.05)1.30 (0.94; 1.79)
Total cholesterol, per SD increase1.39 (1.18; 1.65)<0.011.18 (1.04; 1.36)0.01
HDL cholesterol (ref: Q4)0.64<0.010.03
 Q11.11 (0.71; 1.73)2.39 (1.43; 3.99)1.46 (1.04; 2.05)
 Q21.07 (0.65; 1.78)1.46 (0.84; 2.53)1.29 (0.94; 1.77)
 Q31.05 (0.65; 1.68)1.58 (0.88; 2.84)1.24 (0.97; 1.60)
HDL cholesterol, per SD decrease1.32 (1.11; 1.56)<0.011.12 (1.01; 1.25)0.04
LDL cholesterol (ref: Q1)0.040.220.13
 Q21.03 (0.65; 1.61)0.53 (0.25; 1.08)0.85 (0.54; 1.35)
 Q30.99 (0.58; 1.69)0.55 (0.25; 1.22)0.83 (0.54; 1.26)
 Q41.62 (1.06; 2.47)0.74 (0.48; 1.14)1.24 (0.95; 1.62)
LDL cholesterol, per SD increase1.37 (1.15; 1.64)<0.011.19 (1.06; 1.34)<0.01
Glucose (ref: Q1)0.05<0.01<0.01
 Q21.43 (0.90; 2.28)1.72 (1.01; 2.94)1.66 (1.12; 2.45)
 Q32.01 (1.37; 2.95)1.51 (0.74; 3.09)2.02 (1.48; 2.77)
 Q41.50 (0.88; 2.54)4.29 (2.45; 7.51)2.77 (1.84; 4.16)
Glucose, per SD increase1.14 (1.05; 1.23)<0.011.89 (1.43; 2.49)<0.011.56 (1.35; 1.79)<0.01
Systolic BP (ref: Q1)0.030.710.07
 Q21.52 (1.10; 2.09)1.22 (0.71; 2.11)1.35 (1.00; 1.84)
 Q31.67 (1.17; 2.39)0.79 (0.41; 1.53)1.23 (0.88; 1.71)
 Q42.05 (1.16; 3.63)1.01 (0.62; 1.65)1.55 (1.09; 2.20)
Systolic BP, per SD increase1.23 (1.00; 1.51)0.051.17 (1.02; 1.34)0.02
Diastolic BP (ref: Q1)0.020.790.10
 Q20.98 (0.59; 1.62)0.56 (0.25; 1.26)0.70 (0.37; 1.32)
 Q31.24 (0.71; 2.15)0.74 (0.35; 1.60)1.02 (0.54; 1.94)
 Q41.50 (0.97; 2.31)0.96 (0.60; 1.53)1.22 (0.81; 1.83)

Abdominal obesity was defined by WHtR ≥ 0.5. OR: odds ratio; CI: confidence interval; HDL: high-density lipoprotein; LDL: low-density lipoprotein; BP: blood pressure; SD: standard deviation.