Table 3: Predictors of cardiovascular disease (CVD) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in abdominal obese individuals retained after blockwise selection in multivariate analysis.

Incident CVDIncident T2DMIncident T2DM or CVD
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)

(cases)1506 (136)1490 (114)1490 (114)
Male1.37 (1.00; 1.87)0.051.28 (0.76; 2.14)0.351.30 (0.97; 1.73)0.08
Age, per years1.04 (1.02; 1.05)<0.011.05 (1.03; 1.07)<0.011.04 (1.03; 1.06)<0.01
Waist circumference, per cm1.01 (0.99; 1.03)0.241.07 (1.05; 1.09)<0.011.04 (1.03; 1.05)<0.01
Sociodemographic parameters
Unemployment2.38 (1.35; 4.18)<0.011.82 (1.12; 2.95)0.02
Marital status (ref: married)
 Divorced or widowed1.80 (1.14; 2.83)0.011.54 (0.90; 2.62)0.12
 Single 1.35 (0.74; 2.48)0.331.46 (0.71; 3.01)0.31
Health parameters
Alcohol consumption, per SD increase0.83 (0.64; 1.09)0.19
Liver disease2.49 (1.01; 6.18)0.051.77 (0.97; 3.23)0.06
HDL cholesterol, per SD decrease1.21 (1.02; 1.43)0.03
Glucose, per SD increase1.83 (1.39; 2.42)<0.011.54 (1.32; 1.79)<0.01

Abdominal obesity was defined by WHtR ≥ 0.5. OR: odds ratio; CI: confidence interval; HDL: high-density lipoprotein; SD: standard deviation.