About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
VLSI Design
Volume 13 (2001), Issue 1-4, Pages 69-74
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2001/31592

Tight Binding Simulation of Quantum Transport in Interband Tunneling Devices

Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Kobe University, 1 Rokkodai, Nada, Kobe 657-8501, Japan

Copyright © 2001 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We have studied quantum transport in both Si and GaAs interband tunneling diodes (ITD's). In the simulation, a non-equilibrium Green's function method based an empirical tight binding theory has been used to take into account evanescent-wave matching at interfaces and realistic band structures. Comparison has been made between the results of our multiband (MB) model and those of conventional two-band (2B) model. As a result, it is found that the current–voltage (IV) characteristics of the Si ITD have considerably smaller peak current density than the conventional 2B model, since our MB model reflects correctly the indirect gap band structure. On the other hand, in the GaAs ITD, there is small difference between the two models, because tunneling occurs between the conduction band and the valence band at F point. It is also found that the matching of evanescent electron modes is essentially necessary to include the valley-mixing effects at the tunneling interfaces.