Table 3: Comparison of students’ responses to the attitude questions broken down by degree program (MAT: ; MEd: ).

QuestionProgramMeanSDt valueP valueES

Q1: PR is part of being an effective teacherMAT3.040.669−2.903.004−0.429
MEd3.300.524
Q2: The research courses would help me become a better teacherMAT3.000.739−0.468.640−0.069
MEd3.050.713
Q3: The research courses would help me better understand my students’ performanceMAT2.870.789−1.173.242−0.178
MEd3.000.681
Q4: The main barrier to teacher research is a lack of timeMAT3.350.785−1.258.210−0.190
MEd3.490.694
Q5: The proper support from administrators would help me conduct PRMAT3.140.655 1.072.285 0.165
MEd3.020.781
Q6: Support by my colleagues would help me conduct PRMAT3.010.712 0.954.342 0.136
MEd2.910.759
Q7: I am more likely to conduct PR if I can collaborate with my colleaguesMAT3.270.796 0.888.376 0.135
MEd3.160.825

ES: effect size.