Table 3: Correlations between dependent and independent variables.

VariableFinal gradeFinal examOralListeningReadingWriting

Yearseng−0.0070.1140.0260.083−0.0240.11
Gender−0.379***−0.24*−0.291*−0.14−0.07−0.254*
Jobhours0.1060.0770.0030.1150.1650.034
Engtotal0.285*0.331**0.190.297**0.2150.279*
Engtaught0.330**0.291*0.273*0.261*0.1660.246*
Jceeeng0.376***0.305**0.344**0.364**0.469***0.197
Jceechin0.539***0.548***0.496***0.501***0.561***0.457***
Intrinsic0.302**0.150.349**0.070.34**0.17
Extrinsic0.405***0.314**0.338**0.329**0.376***0.232*
Anxiety0.232*0.272*0.0850.25*0.41***0.225
Attend0.349**0.419***0.257*0.35**0.268*0.372**
Readpleas0.472***0.371**0.493***0.210.343**0.397***
Socecon0.190.140.2220.2160.259*0.064

𝑃 value <0.001, 𝑃 value <0.01, and 𝑃 value <0.05.