Table of Contents
Advances in Aerospace Engineering
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 729313, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/729313
Review Article

Advances in Hypergolic Propellants: Ignition, Hydrazine, and Hydrogen Peroxide Research

Department of Mechanical Engineering, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, NM 87801, USA

Received 6 June 2014; Accepted 27 August 2014; Published 15 September 2014

Academic Editor: Kazhikathra Kailasanath

Copyright © 2014 Stephen M. Davis and Nadir Yilmaz. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A review of the literature pertaining to hypergolic fuel systems, particularly using hydrazine or its derivatives and hydrogen peroxide, has been conducted. It has been shown that a large effort has been made towards minimizing the risks involved with the use of a toxic propellant such as the hydrazine. Substitution of hydrazines for nontoxic propellant formulations such as the use of high purity hydrogen peroxide with various types of fuels is one of the major areas of study for future hypergolic propellants. A series of criteria for future hypergolic propellants has been recommended, including low toxicity, wide temperature range applicability, short ignition delay, high specific impulse or density specific impulse, and storability at room temperature.