Table of Contents
Advances in Anesthesiology
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 517863, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/517863
Review Article

Pediatric Resuscitation: Outcome Effects of Location, Intervention, and Duration

Medical College of Wisconsin, Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA

Received 24 September 2014; Accepted 24 December 2014

Academic Editor: Ming-Hwang Shyr

Copyright © 2015 John P. Scott et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is performed in order to restore oxygen delivery and prevent multiorgan system failure and death. Prompt initiation of CPR with appropriate medical or surgical therapy may shorten arrest duration before irreversible organ injury occurs. The brain is most susceptible to irreversible anoxic injury. Survival data suggests that children are more likely than adults to survive and have good neurologic outcomes following cardiac arrest. In this review of pediatric resuscitation, we discuss important predictors of postarrest outcomes as well as advances in resuscitation science focusing on the critical importance of oxygen delivery during periarrest care.