Advances in Biology / 2014 / Article / Tab 6

Review Article

Health Implications of Electromagnetic Fields, Mechanisms of Action, and Research Needs

Table 6

Studies concerning the health effects of electromagnetic fields on the reproductive system.

EMF characteristicsStudy group MethodStudy outcomeReference

GSM-MP, 6 h/day for 5 daysMP usersSemen analysisDecrease in rapid progressive motility of sperm[161]

MPMP usersSemen analysisDuration of use and transmission time correlated positively and negatively with proportion of slow progressive and rapid progressive motile sperm, respectively.[162]

MPMP users with suitable controlsSperm parameters like volume, liquefaction time, pH, viscosity, sperm count, motility, viability, and morphologyStatistically significant decrease in semen quality which was also a function of duration of MP use.[163]

MP, 1 hHuman semen samplesSemen analysisSignificant decline in semen mobility, viability and ROS-TAC* score, rise in ROS level.[164]

1.8 GHz RF EMR, SAR (0.4 W/kg to 27.5 W/kg)Purified human spermatozoaVitality, motility, sperm density, DHE assay, MSR assay, 8-OH-, TUNEL assay, and flow cytometrySignificant decrease in motility and vitality and increase in ROS, 8-OH-dG and DNA fragmentation with increasing SAR.[153]

RF radiations from GSM base station, 6-month exposureMale mice, Mus musculus Sperm head abnormality assayHigh level of sperm head injury in exposed mice which correlated positively with radiation levels[165]

*TAC: total antioxidant count, DHE: dihydroethidium, MSR: MitoSOX Red, and 8-OH-dG: 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine.

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