Table of Contents
Advances in Botany
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 597275, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/597275
Review Article

Energy Cane: Its Concept, Development, Characteristics, and Prospects

1Vignis Ltda. Fazenda São Pedro, CP 62, 62.13830-000 Santo Antonio de Posse, SP, Brazil
2West Indies Central Sugar Cane Breeding Station, Groves, St. George, Barbados

Received 9 May 2014; Accepted 7 August 2014; Published 30 September 2014

Academic Editor: Philippe Jeandet

Copyright © 2014 Sizuo Matsuoka et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Unlike conventional sugar cane (Saccharum spp.) energy cane is a cane selected to have more fiber than sucrose in its composition. This is obtained simply by altering the genetic contribution of the ancestral species of sugarcane using traditional breeding methods. The resulting key feature is a significant increase in biomass yield. This happens because accumulating sugar is not physiologically a simple process and results in penalty in the side of fiber and yield. This review paper describes the initial conception of fuel cane in Puerto Rico in the second half of 1970s, the present resurgence of interest in it, how to breed energy cane, and the main characteristics that make it one of the most favorable dedicated bioenergy crops. The present status of breeding for energy cane in the world is also reviewed. Its potential contribution to the renewable energy market is discussed briefly.