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Advances in Chemistry
Volume 2016, Article ID 3480329, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3480329
Research Article

Physico-Chemical Characteristics and Level of Some Selected Metal in Edible Oils

Department of Chemistry, College of Natural and Computational Science, Ambo University, 19 Ambo, Ethiopia

Received 18 March 2016; Accepted 9 June 2016

Academic Editor: Maria Roca

Copyright © 2016 Bereket Tesfaye and Alemayehu Abebaw. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The physico-chemical properties and level of some essential metals of four edible oils, two imported (Viking and Avena) and two processed in Ethiopia (Selam and Nur) oil samples, were analyzed using classical wet chemical method and flame atomic absorption spectroscopy techniques, respectively. The result of physico-chemical properties shows that acid value in Avena and Viking oils which is mgKOH/g and mgKOH/g, respectively, from palm oil variety and in Selam and Nur oils mgKOH/g and  mgKOH/g, respectively, from noug oil variety, saponification value in Avena and Viking oils which is  mgKOH/g and  mgKOH/g, respectively, and in Selam and Nur oils  mgKOH/g and  mgKOH/g, respectively, iodine value in Viking and Avena oils which is  g and  g, respectively, and Nur and Selam oils  g and  g, respectively, and peroxide value in Viking and Avena oils which is meq/kg and meq/kg, respectively, from palm oil variety and in Selam and Nur oils  meq/kg and  meq/kg, respectively, from noug oil variety were obtained. The level of essential metals in edible oil samples was analyzed after wet digestion. The results show that levels of Cu in Viking and Avena oils that were  mg and  mg, respectively, and in Selam and Nur oils  mg and  mg, respectively, and the levels of Zn in Viking and Avena oils that were  mg and  mg, respectively, and in Selam and Nur oils  mg and  mg, respectively, were obtained. The physico-chemical properties and level of essential metal revealed that four edible oils were acceptable to human consumption.