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Advances in Chemistry
Volume 2017, Article ID 1049513, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1049513
Research Article

Short Jute Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Composites: Effect of Nonhalogenated Fire Retardants

1Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
2Office of the Chief Chemical Examiner, CID, Bangladesh Police, Mohakhali, Dhaka, Bangladesh
3Radiation and Polymer Chemistry Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission, G.P.O. Box 3787, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Correspondence should be addressed to Pinku Poddar; moc.oohay@uknip.p

Received 1 April 2017; Revised 28 April 2017; Accepted 11 May 2017; Published 27 June 2017

Academic Editor: Emilio Bucio

Copyright © 2017 Sk. Sharfuddin Chestee et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Short jute fiber reinforced polypropylene (PP) composites were prepared using a single screw extrusion moulding. Jute fiber content in the composites is optimized with the extent of mechanical properties, and composites with 20% jute show higher mechanical properties. Dissimilar concentrations of several fire retardants (FRs), such as magnesium oxide (MO), aluminum oxide (AO), and phosphoric acid (PA), were used in the composites. The addition of MO, AO, and PA improved the fire retardancy properties (ignition time, flame height, and total firing time) of the composites. Ignition time for 30% MO, flame height for 30% PA, and total firing time for 20% MO content composites showed good results which were 8 sec, 1 inch, and 268 sec, respectively. Mechanical properties (tensile strength, tensile modulus, bending strength, bending modulus, and elongation at break), degradation properties (soil test, weathering test, and percentage of weight loss), and water uptake were studied.