Table of Contents
Advances in Computer Engineering
Volume 2014, Article ID 396529, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/396529
Research Article

A Clustering Approach for the -Diversity Model in Privacy Preserving Data Mining Using Fractional Calculus-Bacterial Foraging Optimization Algorithm

1Department of Information Technology, SNJB’s College of Engineering, Neminagar, Chandwad, Nashik, Maharashtra 423101, India
2Department of Computer Engineering, S V National Institute of Technology, Surat, Gujarat 395007, India

Received 14 July 2014; Accepted 22 July 2014; Published 16 September 2014

Academic Editor: Lijie Li

Copyright © 2014 Pawan R. Bhaladhare and Devesh C. Jinwala. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In privacy preserving data mining, the -diversity and -anonymity models are the most widely used for preserving the sensitive private information of an individual. Out of these two, -diversity model gives better privacy and lesser information loss as compared to the -anonymity model. In addition, we observe that numerous clustering algorithms have been proposed in data mining, namely, -means, PSO, ACO, and BFO. Amongst them, the BFO algorithm is more stable and faster as compared to all others except -means. However, BFO algorithm suffers from poor convergence behavior as compared to other optimization algorithms. We also observed that the current literature lacks any approaches that apply BFO with -diversity model to realize privacy preservation in data mining. Motivated by this observation, we propose here an approach that uses fractional calculus (FC) in the chemotaxis step of the BFO algorithm. The FC is used to boost the computational performance of the algorithm. We also evaluate our proposed FC-BFO and BFO algorithms empirically, focusing on information loss and execution time as vital metrics. The experimental evaluation shows that our proposed FC-BFO algorithm derives an optimal cluster as compared to the original BFO algorithm and existing clustering algorithms.