Advances in Ecology / 2014 / Article / Fig 3

Review Article

Experiments Are Revealing a Foundation Species: A Case Study of Eastern Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)

Figure 3

Conceptual model illustrating the effects of experimentally removing a foundation species from a forested ecosystem. Line width indicates the strength of influence of the foundation species on ecological processes within the forest; dotted lines indicate indirect effects. Redrawn and modified from [92].