Advances in Ecology / 2014 / Article / Tab 5

Research Article

Effects of Climate Change and Various Grassland Management Practices on Grasshopper (Orthoptera) Assemblages

Table 5

Results of testing effects of macroclimate and management and their interactions on the microclimate of the studied grasslands (respective values of microclimate data were included = the value measured at 120 cm was considered 0) (general linear mixed model, one-way ANOVA, ).

MicroclimateMacroclimate and management
AnnSeasMM Seas

Grassland humidity
 Ground surface5.41 *** 5.22 *** 2.30 * 1.62
 10 cm5.49 *** 7.42 *** 1.99 * 1.33
 20 cm3.45 ** 9.96 *** 1.471.52
 30 cm2.58 * 11.12 *** 1.651.17
 Average6.71 *** 8.46 *** 2.24 * 1.29

Grassland temperature
 Ground surface3.07 * 8.62 *** 2.56 * 1.29
 10 cm2.078.29 *** 1.372.15 *
 20 cm3.59 ** 8.00 *** 1.882.77 **
 30 cm2.93 * 9.16 *** 1.695.15 ***
 Average3.17 * 9.23 *** 2.09 * 2.43 *

Model includes annual macroclimate (Ann), periodical (June, July, August, and September) macroclimate (Seas, from June to July), management (M), and interactions of management and periodical (June, July, August, and September) macroclimate (M Seas). Mean temperature and rainfall of the period were involved in Ann and Seas. values are given. ; ; .