Table of Contents
Advances in Ecology
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 7801930, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7801930
Research Article

Butterfly Species Diversity in Protected and Unprotected Habitat of Ise Forest Reserve, Ise Ekiti, Ekiti State

1Department of Forest Resources and Wildlife Management, Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria
2Department of Ecotourism and Wildlife Management, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
3Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria

Received 10 June 2016; Revised 6 August 2016; Accepted 29 August 2016

Academic Editor: Dafeng Hui

Copyright © 2016 Jacob Olufemi Orimaye et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study investigated butterfly diversity in the protected area (PA) and unprotected area (UPA) of Ise Forest reserve, Ise Ekiti, Ekiti State, using sweep net along existing trails. Butterfly species seen in the study sites were captured and released after proper identification was made. The results indicated that a total of 837 butterflies were identified in the study sites with 661 species observed in PA and 176 species in UPA. Butterfly species diversity was significantly different () between PA and UPA. Shannon diversity index was higher in PA (3.59) than UPA (3.27) as against Menhinick’s index, higher in UPA (2.11) than in PA (1.52). Likewise, 10 families of butterflies were recorded in PA and 8 families in UPA. The family with highest species occurrence was Satyridae (17.9%) in PA and Lycaenidae in UPA with 20.1%. Butterfly families’ diversity was not significant () between the two study sites. Ise Forest Reserve recorded approximately 6.6% of all butterflies recorded in West Africa. The findings indicated that mature secondary and regenerated forests supported high butterfly diversity and species richness, while cultivated land and grassland had a negative impact on butterfly community suggesting the negative effect of agricultural activities on the ecosystem.