Table of Contents
Advances in Environmental Chemistry
Volume 2014, Article ID 473074, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/473074
Research Article

Water Quality Assessment of the Central Himalayan Lake, Nainital

University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Bidholi, Dehradun, Uttarakhand 248007, India

Received 14 July 2014; Revised 28 October 2014; Accepted 20 November 2014; Published 10 December 2014

Academic Editor: Paul M. Bradley

Copyright © 2014 Madhuben Sharma. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The Nainital Lake, situated in the central Himalayas of India, is an important water body and a major tourist spot. This study aims to identify factors or processes that determine the water quality of the lake. For this purpose, water samples from two different points were collected—highly polluted (Mallital) and least polluted (Tallital)—to represent the actual level of pollution in the lake in four different seasons (January, April, July, and October). The collected samples were analyzed for different physical and chemical parameters. In order to assess the state of the lake’s water quality, the samples were compared with the standard water quality values. Turbidity, electrical conductivity, total alkalinity, and heavy metal (lead, iron, and copper) concentration were found to be above the desirable limit of the prescribed national and international standards in all four seasons at both Mallital and Tallital. Reasons affecting the water quality were found to be natural (thermal stratification and lead-bearing rocks) and anthropogenic (domestic sewage, runoff, and illegal construction activities in the vicinity of lake). Various lake restoration alternatives/interventions have been suggested that can lead to an improvement in the lake’s water quality, such as afforestation, phytoremediation, and sediment basin.