Table of Contents
Advances in Environmental Chemistry
Volume 2014, Article ID 750408, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/750408
Research Article

Mucin Reactivity after Acute Exposure to Mercury and Zinc Chloride in Neurocytes of Freshwater Snail Bellamya bengalensis: A Histochemical Study

1Shri Shiv Shahu College, Sarud, Kolhapur 416 214, India
2Department of Zoology, Shivaji University, Kolhapur 416 004, India

Received 30 June 2014; Revised 19 September 2014; Accepted 19 September 2014; Published 2 October 2014

Academic Editor: Jesus Simal-Gandara

Copyright © 2014 Sunil Londhe and Nitin Kamble. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. Khayatzadeh and E. Abbasi, “The effects of heavy metals on aquatic animals,” in Proceedings of the 1st International Applied Geological Congress, pp. 26–28, Department of Geology, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran, April 2010.
  2. M. Ghosh and S. P. Singh, “A review on phytoremediation of heavy metals and utilization of its byproducts,” Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1–18, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. P. Jadhav, D. C. Kalyani, A. A. Telke, S. S. Phugare, and S. P. Govindwar, “Evaluation of the efficacy of a bacterial consortium for the removal of color, reduction of heavy metals, and toxicity from textile dye effluent,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 101, no. 1, pp. 165–173, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. H. Yang and N. Rose, “Trace element pollution records in some UK lake sediments, their history, influence factors and regional differences,” Environment International, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 63–75, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. G. W. Bryan and W. J. Langston, “Bioavailability, accumulation and effects of heavy metals in sediments with special reference to United Kingdom estuaries,” Environmental Pollution, vol. 76, no. 2, pp. 89–131, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. B. Mule and V. S. Lomte, “Effect of heavy metals (CuSo4 and HgCl2) on the oxygen consumption of the freshwater snail, Thiara tuberculata,” Journal of Environmental Biology, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 263–268, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. A. Otitoloju and K. N. Don-Pedro, “Integrated laboratory and field assessments of heavy metals accumulation in edible periwinkle, Tympanotonus fuscatus var radula (L.),” Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 354–362, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. T. I. Balkas, S. Tugrul, and I. Salihoglu, “Trace metal levels in fish and crustacea from northeastern Mediterranean coastal waters,” Marine Environmental Research, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 281–289, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. I. Dodson, Introduction to Limnology, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 2005.
  10. J. L. Farris and J. H. van Hassel, Freshwater Bivalve Ecotoxicology, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 2007.
  11. M. Pietrock, T. Meinelt, and D. J. Marcogliese, “Effects of cadmium exposure on embryogenesis of Stagnicola elodes (Mollusca, Gastropoda): potential consequences for parasite transmission,” Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 43–48, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. L. K. Russell, J. I. DeHaven, and R. P. Botts, “Toxic effects of cadmium on the garden snail (Helix aspersa),” Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 634–640, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. T. AbdAllah and M. A. Moustafa, “Accumulation of lead and cadmium in the marine prosobranch Nerita saxtilis, chemical analysis, light and electron microscopy,” Environmental Pollution, vol. 116, no. 2, pp. 185–191, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. Presing, V. K. Balogh, and J. Salanki, “Cadmium uptake and depuration in different organs of Lymnaea stagnalis L. and the effect of cadmium on the natural zinc level,” Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 28–34, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. H. J. Herwig, F. Brands, E. Kruitwagen, and D. I. Zandee, “Bioaccumulation and histochemical localization of cadmium in Dreissena polymorpha exposed to cadmium chloride,” Aquatic Toxicology, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 269–285, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. P. Tanhan, P. Sretarugsa, P. Pokethitiyook, M. Kruatrachue, and E. S. Upatham, “Histopathological alterations in the edible snail, Babylonia areolata (spotted babylon), in acute and subchronic cadmium poisoning,” Environmental Toxicology, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 142–149, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. A. Otitoloju, D. O. Ajikobi, and R. I. Egonmwan, “Histopathology and bioaccumulation of heavy metals (Cu and Pb) in the giant land snail, Archachatina marginata (Swainson),” The Open Environmental Pollution and Toxicological Journal, vol. 1, pp. 79–88, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  18. R. D. Hawkins, E. R. Kandel, and C. H. Bailey, “Molecular mechanisms of memory storage in Aplysia,” Biological Bulletin, vol. 210, no. 3, pp. 174–191, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. F. A. McManus, “Histological demonstration of mucin after periodic acid,” Nature, vol. 158, no. 4006, p. 202, 1946. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. S. Spicer, “A correlative study of the histochemical properties of rodent acid mucopolysaccharides,” Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry, vol. 8, pp. 18–35, 1960. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. D. M. Chapman, “Dichromatism of bromphenol blue, with an improvement in the mercuric bromphenol blue technic for protein,” Stain Technology, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 25–30, 1975. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. T. L. Chiffelle and F. A. Putt, “Propylene and ethylene glycol as solvents for Sudan IV and Sudan black B,” Stain Technology, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 51–56, 1951. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. Z. Sefozo and K. Elekes, “Chemical properties of the extracellular matrix of the snail nervous system: a comprehensive study using a combination of histochemical techniques,” Micron, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 461–471, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. Z. Serfozo and K. Elekes, “Histochemistry of the extracellular matrix in the snail central nervous system,” Ideggyógyászati Szemle, vol. 60, no. 3-4, pp. 173–176, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. U. Hartmann and P. Maurer, “Proteoglycans in the nervous system—the quest for functional roles in vivo,” Matrix Biology, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 23–35, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. A. Kieman, “Carbohydrate histochemistry,” Technical Article, pp. 68–78, 2010.
  27. N. A. Kamble and S. R. Londhe, “Neurohistochemistry in molluscan species: focus on extracellular matrix,” Invertebrate Neuroscience, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 129–138, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. E. Syková, “Extrasynaptic volume transmission and diffusion parameters of the extracellular space,” Neuroscience, vol. 129, no. 4, pp. 861–876, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. S. Valarmathi, Environmental quality of coastal zone of Madras and impact of pollutants on Sesarma quadrtum (Fbricus) [Ph.D. thesis], University of Madras, Tamilnadu, India, 2000.
  30. F. P. Thurberg, A. Calabrace, and M. A. Dawso, “Effect of silver on oxygen consumption of bivalves at various salinities, in pollution and physiology of marine organisms,” in Pollution and Physiology of Marine Organisms, F. J. Vernberg and W. B. Vernberg, Eds., p. 67, Academic Press, New York, NY, USA, 1974. View at Google Scholar
  31. T. S. Gill and J. C. Pant, “Effects of sublethal concentrations of mercury in a teleost Puntius conchonius: biochemical & haematological responses,” Indian Journal of Experimental Biology, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 571–573, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. N. A. Kamble and S. R. Londhe, “Epileptic activity in neuronal cells, induced by mercuric chloride and cadmium chloride in terrestrial slug Semperula maculata: fine structure investigated by histology and histochemistry,” Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry, vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 109–120, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. R. Nagabhushanam, G. Gyananath, and R. Sarojini, “Toxicity of three organophosphate compounds and their effect on the gonad of freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium lamerri,” Indian Journal of Comparative Animal Physiology, vol. 1, p. 13, 1983. View at Google Scholar