Table of Contents
Advances in Environmental Chemistry
Volume 2014, Article ID 916878, 6 pages
Research Article

Oil and Grease Removal from Industrial Wastewater Using New Utility Approach

Head of Organic Chemistry Department, Central Laboratory for Environmental Quality Monitoring (CLEQM), National Water Research Center (NWRC), P.O. Box 13621/6, El-Kanater, Qalubiya, Cairo, Egypt

Received 5 January 2014; Accepted 12 May 2014; Published 8 July 2014

Academic Editor: Vincenzo Belgiorno

Copyright © 2014 H. S. Abd El-Gawad. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The present study is an attempt to investigate oil and grease pollution that may pollute fresh water and influence aquatic environment. Then removal of oil and grease from manufacturing wastewater befall essential but common techniques not enough. Enzyme and adsorption units representing major developed new laboratory were selected to assess the water quality and humiliation prospective of oil and grease from wastewater. Several components and environmental variables that were dissolved oxygen, bacteriology measure, flow rate and adsorption material amount studied to assess the removal performance of oil and grease. The results elucidated significant variations among different tests which influenced microbial necessary role of oxidation declining develop biological treatment process reached to 72%. The study stressed out natural material (zeolite) that enhanced organic reduction under optimal conditions. These conditions were closer spacing and high length of adsorbing unit that led to increase oil and grease contact period with adsorbent and added to increase performance removal reached to 99%.