Table of Contents
Advances in Emergency Medicine
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 758728, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/758728
Research Article

The State of Healthcare Disaster Plans in New Zealand and the Sultanate of Oman: An International Comparative Analysis

1Dunedin Hospital, Southern District Health Board, Dunedin School of Medicine, P.O. Box 913, Dunedin 9016, New Zealand
2Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, P.O. Box 913, Dunedin 9016, New Zealand
3Khoula Hospital, Muscat, Oman
4Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman

Received 2 April 2014; Accepted 5 June 2014; Published 22 June 2014

Academic Editor: Frank Hildebrand

Copyright © 2014 Sultan Al-Shaqsi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim. The aim of this study was to carry out an audit of healthcare plans in New Zealand and Oman. Methods. The study utilizes a deductive content analysis method. Written plans from New Zealand District Health Boards (DHBs) and the Omani secondary and tertiary hospitals were analyzed. A checklist was used to score the plans against twelve elements which are command and control, hazard analysis, surge capability, communication, standard operating procedures (SOPs), life-line backups, public and media, training, welfare, coordination, and recovery. Results. There were 14 plans from New Zealand and 7 plans from Oman analysed. The overall coverage of New Zealand plans was 67.5% compared to 53.3% in Oman. Plans from both countries scored similarly in “command and control,” “hazard analysis,” “surge,” and “communication” elements. Omani plans scored lower than those of New Zealand in “media and the publicv” “training,” “coordination,” and “recovery.” Both countries scored very low in addressing the welfare of responders. Conclusion. This study highlighted the value of health emergency plans in New Zealand as reflected by the high score of DHBs’ coordination. Therefore, a similar approach in Oman will enhance emergency preparedness. Responders’ welfare is an issue that needs to be addressed by emergency preparedness plans in both countries.