Table of Contents
Advances in Endocrinology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 830761, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/830761
Research Article

Lipid Peroxidation and Antioxidant Status in Nonobese Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

1Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata 700020, India
2Department of Biochemistry, ICARE Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Banabishnupur, Haldia 721645, India

Received 30 May 2014; Revised 13 August 2014; Accepted 26 September 2014; Published 22 October 2014

Academic Editor: Sarantis Livadas

Copyright © 2014 Vineet Kumar Khemka et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. H. King, R. E. Aubert, and W. H. Herman, “Global burden of diabetes, 1995–2025: prevalence, numerical estimates, and projections,” Diabetes Care, vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1414–1431, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. H. A. Keenan, T. Costacou, J. K. Sun et al., “Clinical factors associated with resistance to microvascular complications in diabetic patients of extreme disease duration: the 50-year medalist study,” Diabetes Care, vol. 30, no. 8, pp. 1995–1997, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. E. Kahn, “The relative contributions of insulin resistance and beta-cell dysfunction to the pathophysiology of Type 2 diabetes,” Diabetologia, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 3–19, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. R. A. DeFronzo, “Pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus,” The Medical Clinics of North America, vol. 88, no. 4, pp. 787–835, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. D. M. Bandeira, L. J. S. da Fonseca, G. D. S. Guedes, L. A. Rabelo, M. O. F. Goulart, and S. M. L. Vasconcelos, “Oxidative stress as an underlying contributor in the development of chronic complications in diabetes mellitus,” International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 3265–3284, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. G. Basta, G. Lazzerini, M. Massaro et al., “Advanced glycation end products activate endothelium through signal-transduction receptor RAGE: a mechanism for amplification of inflammatory responses,” Circulation, vol. 105, no. 7, pp. 816–822, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. A. Kowluru and P.-S. Chan, “Oxidative stress and diabetic retinopathy,” Experimental Diabesity Research, vol. 2007, Article ID 43603, 12 pages, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. Mancino, D. di Pierro, C. Varesi et al., “Lipid peroxidation and total antioxidant capacity in vitreous, aqueous humor, and blood samples from patients with diabetic retinopathy,” Molecular Vision, vol. 17, pp. 1298–1304, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. R. Rossi, D. Giustarini, A. Milzani, and I. Dalle-Donne, “Cysteinylation and homocysteinylation of plasma protein thiols during ageing of healthy human beings,” Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, vol. 13, no. 9B, pp. 3131–3140, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. G. Baskol, K. Gumus, A. Oner, H. Arda, and S. Karakucuk, “The role of advanced oxidation protein products and total thiols in diabetic retinopathy,” European Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 792–798, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. N. Esser, S. Legrand-Poels, J. Piette, A. J. Scheen, and N. Paquot, “Inflammation as a link between obesity, metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes,” Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 14, pp. 187–189, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. Goyal, M. Singhai, and A. F. Faizy, “Glutathione peroxidase activity in obese and non-obese diabetic patients and role of hyperglycemia in oxidative stress,” Journal of Midlife Health, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 72–76, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  13. G. L. Ellman, “Tissue sulfhydryl groups,” Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, vol. 82, no. 1, pp. 70–77, 1959. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M.-L. Hu, “Measurement of protein thiol groups and glutathione in plasma,” Methods in Enzymology, vol. 233, pp. 380–385, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. K. Satoh, “Serum lipid peroxide in cerebrovascular disorders determined by a new colorimetric method,” Clinica Chimica Acta, vol. 90, no. 1, pp. 37–43, 1978. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. H. Izuta, N. Matsunaga, M. Shimazawa, T. Sugiyama, T. Ikeda, and H. Hara, “Proliferative diabetic retinopathy and relations among antioxidant activity, oxidative stress, and VEGF in the vitreous body,” Molecular Vision, vol. 16, pp. 130–136, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. D. Dymkowska, B. Drabarek, P. Podszywałow-Bartnicka, J. Szczepanowska, and K. Zabłocki, “Hyperglycaemia modifies energy metabolism and reactive oxygen species formation in endothelial cells in vitro,” Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, vol. 542, pp. 7–13, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. R. Ray and A. M. Shah, “NADPH oxidase and endothelial cell function,” Clinical Science, vol. 109, no. 3, pp. 217–226, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. W. Baynes, “Role of oxidative stress in development of complications in diabetes,” Diabetes, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 405–412, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. F. Giacco and M. Brownlee, “Oxidative stress and diabetic complications,” Circulation Research, vol. 107, no. 9, pp. 1058–1070, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Williams, R. E. Hogg, and U. Chakravarthy, “Antioxidants and diabetic retinopathy,” Current Diabetes Reports, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 481–487, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S. A. Madsen-Bouterse and R. A. Kowluru, “Oxidative stress and diabetic retinopathy: pathophysiological mechanisms and treatment perspectives,” Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 315–327, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. I. Rupérez, A. Gil, and C. M. Aguilera, “Genetics of oxidative stress in obesity,” International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 3118–3144, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. Gao, H. K. Roberts, and X. Wang, “Cross tissue trait-pathway network reveals the importance of oxidative stress and inflammation pathways in obesity-induced diabetes in mouse,” PLoS ONE, vol. 7, no. 9, Article ID e44544, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. D. Pitocco, M. Tesauro, R. Alessandro, G. Ghirlanda, and C. Cardillo, “Oxidative stress in diabetes: implications for vascular and other complications,” International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 21525–21550, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. A. Ceriello, “Oxidative stress and glycemic regulation,” Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 27–29, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. Kiritoshi, T. Nishikawa, K. Sonoda et al., “Reactive oxygen species from mitochondria induce cyclooxygenase-2 gene expression in human mesangial cells: potential role in diabetic nephropathy,” Diabetes, vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 2570–2577, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. C. Maritim, R. A. Sanders, and J. B. Watkins III, “Diabetes, oxidative stress, and antioxidants: a review,” Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 24–38, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. M. O. Ajala, P. S. Ogunro, S. E. Idogun, and O. Osundeko, “Relationship between plasma antioxidant status and leptin in controlled and noncontrolled type 2 diabetic nonobese women,” International Journal of Endocrinology & Metabolism, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 214–221, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  30. D. A. Slatter, C. H. Bolton, and A. J. Bailey, “The importance of lipid-derived malondialdehyde in diabetes mellitus,” Diabetologia, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 550–557, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. M. Kaefer, J. A. M. de Carvalho, S. J. Piva et al., “Plasma malondialdehyde levels and risk factors for the development of chronic complications in type 2 diabetic patients on insulin therapy,” Clinical Laboratory, vol. 58, no. 9-10, pp. 973–978, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. H. Paşaoglu, B. Sancak, and N. Bukan, “Lipid peroxidation and resistance to oxidation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus,” Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine, vol. 203, no. 3, pp. 211–218, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus