Table of Contents
Advances in Endocrinology
Volume 2015, Article ID 353121, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/353121
Research Article

Thyroid Diseases in Omani Type 2 Diabetics: A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study

1Oman Medical Specialty Board (OMSB), P.O. Box 745, 121 Seeb, Oman
2Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, Sultan Qaboos University (SQU), Muscat, Oman

Received 16 August 2015; Revised 27 October 2015; Accepted 24 November 2015

Academic Editor: Bernard Venn

Copyright © 2015 Sanaa Al-Sumry et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Diabetes mellitus and thyroid diseases are common endocrine disorders in the general population and found to exist simultaneously. This study aimed to establish the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction among Omani type 2 diabetics and its association with glycemic control. Methodology. A retrospective cross-sectional randomized primary and secondary care based study of 285 Omani type 2 diabetics, ≥ 30 years of age with known thyroid function. The following parameters were examined: age, sex, duration of diabetes, duration of thyroid disease, thyroid morphology, thyroid function, thyroid antibodies, and the mean glycated hemoglobin (mean HbA1C). The prevalence of thyroid dysfunction was compared to an independent control group of randomly selected healthy individuals with known thyroid function. Results. Thyroid dysfunction was found in 12.6% of the diabetic patients compared to 4.9% in the control group. The prevalence was higher among the diabetic females (86%) compared to diabetic males (14%). The commonest thyroid dysfunction among diabetics was overt hypothyroidism (4.6%). Subclinical hypothyroidism was the commonest thyroid dysfunction seen in less controlled diabetics at a mean HbA1c of 7.8 (± 0.7). Conclusion. Screening for thyroid dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus should be routinely performed considering the higher prevalence of thyroid diseases in this group compared to the general population.