Table of Contents
Advances in Epidemiology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 694213, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/694213
Research Article

Malarial Infection in HIV Infected Pregnant Women Attending a Rural Antenatal Clinic in Nigeria

1Department of Biological Sciences, Taraba State University, Jalingo, Taraba State, Nigeria
2Higher Institute of Health Sciences, Adventist Cosendai University, Nanga Eboko, Cameroon
3Department of Biology, College of Education, Zing, Taraba State, Nigeria
4Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University Kashere, Gombe State, Nigeria
5Department of Biological Sciences, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benué State, Nigeria

Received 2 May 2014; Accepted 24 June 2014; Published 17 July 2014

Academic Editor: Chi-Yung Shang

Copyright © 2014 R. S. Houmsou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Malaria still remains a challenging infection affecting the lives of several HIV infected pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa. This study was undertaken to determine malarial infection in HIV infected pregnant women in relation to sociodemographic and obstetrical factors. The study also assessed relationship between malarial infection and haemoglobin level, counts, and ART regimen, as well as predisposing risk factors that influenced occurrence of malarial infection in the women. Thick and thin blood smears were prepared and stained with Giemsa. Haemoglobin level was determined using a hematology analyzer, while the flow cytometry was used to measure counts. Sociodemographic and obstetrical parameters were obtained through the administration of questionnaires. Of the 159 HIV infected pregnant women examined, 33.3% (59/159) had malarial infection. Malarial infection was significantly higher in pregnant women who were divorced, 40.24% (33/82) , were at their first trimester (4–12 weeks), 54.8% (17/31) , had  = [201–500 cells/μL], 42.42% (42/99) , and those that had severe anaemia (<8 dg/L), 100.00% . However, risk factors that influenced the occurrence of malarial infection in the pregnant women were occupation (farming) , marital status (divorced) , gestation (first trimester) , haemoglobin level (Hb < 8 dg/L) , and counts (low ) . The study reported endemicity of malaria in HIV infected pregnant women living in rural areas of Benue State, Nigeria. Malarial infection was higher in women that were divorced, and at their first trimester, had low count, and had severe anaemia. Farming, divorce, gestation, severe anaemia, and low counts were predisposing risk factors that influenced malaria occurrence in the HIV infected pregnant women. It is advocated that HIV infected pregnant women should be properly and thoroughly educated on malaria preventive measures in rural areas so as to avoid unpleasant effect of malaria during their pregnancies.