Table of Contents
Advances in Epidemiology
Volume 2016, Article ID 9587340, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9587340
Research Article

Adolescent Light Cigarette Smoking Patterns and Adult Cigarette Smoking

1Dental Practice and Rural Health, School of Dentistry, 104A Health Sciences Center Addition, P.O. Box 9448, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
2Department of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, Division of Dental Hygiene, West Virginia University, Robert C Byrd Health Sciences Center North, Room 1192A, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
3Department of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, West Virginia University, Robert C Byrd Health Sciences Center North, P.O. Box 9490, Room 1070, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA

Received 31 March 2016; Revised 19 May 2016; Accepted 24 May 2016

Academic Editor: Peter N. Lee

Copyright © 2016 R. Constance Wiener et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. Light cigarette smoking has had limited research. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between light smoking in adolescence with smoking in adulthood. Methods. National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health data, Waves I and IV, were analyzed. Previous month adolescent smoking of 1–5 cigarettes/day (cpd) (light smoking); 6–16 cpd (average smoking); 17 or more cpd (heavy smoking); and nonsmoking were compared with the outcome of adult smoking. Results. At baseline, 15.9% of adolescents were light smokers, 6.8% were average smokers, and 3.6% were heavy smokers. The smoking patterns were significantly related to adult smoking. In logistic regression analyses, adolescent light smokers had an adjusted odds ratio (AOR) of 2.45 (95% CI: 2.00, 3.00) of adult smoking; adolescent average or heavy smokers had AOR of 5.57 (95% CI: 4.17, 7.43) and 5.23 (95% CI: 3.29, 8.31), respectively. Conclusion. Individuals who initiate light cigarette smoking during adolescence are more likely to smoke as young adults. Practical Implications. When screening for tobacco use by adolescents, there is a need to verify that the adolescents understand that light smoking constitutes smoking. There is a need for healthcare providers to initiate interventions for adolescent light smoking.