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Advances in Fuzzy Systems
Volume 2013, Article ID 506406, 7 pages
Research Article

Usage of Fuzzy Spatial Theory for Modelling of Terrain Passability

1Department of Military Geography and Meteorology, Faculty of Military Technology, University of Defence, Kounicova 65, 66210 Brno, Czech Republic
2Department of Mathematics and Physics, Faculty of Military Technology, University of Defence, Kounicova 65, 662 10 Brno, Czech Republic

Received 14 September 2013; Accepted 10 October 2013

Academic Editor: Ferdinando Di Martino

Copyright © 2013 Alois Hofmann et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Geographic support of decision-making processes is based on various geographic products, usually in digital form, which come from various foundations and sources. Each product can be characterized by its quality or by its utility value for the given type of task or group of tasks, for which the product is used. They also usually have different characteristics and thus can very significantly influence the resulting analytical material. The aim of the paper is to contribute to the solution of the question of how it is possible to work with diverse spatial geographic information so that the user has an idea about the resulting product. The concept of fuzzy sets is used for representation of classes, whose boundaries are not clearly (not sharply) set, namely, the fuzzy approach in overlaying operations realized in ESRI ArcGIS environment. The paper is based on a research project which is being solved at the Faculty of Military Technologies of the University of Defence. The research deals with the influence of geographic and climatic factors on the activity of armed forces and the Integrated Rescue System.