Table of Contents
Advances in Geriatrics
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 528042, 20 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/528042
Review Article

Application of Traditional Medical Ideas to Geriatric Syndrome

1Division of Geriatric Behavioral Neurology, Cyclotron and Radioisotope Center, Tohoku University, 6-3 Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8578, Japan
2Graduate School of Medicine, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8574, Japan
3Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8579, Japan
4Micro System Integration Center, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-0845, Japan
5Institute of Fluid Science, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577, Japan

Received 15 February 2014; Revised 20 June 2014; Accepted 20 June 2014; Published 15 July 2014

Academic Editor: Kiminobu Sugaya

Copyright © 2014 Takashi Seki et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Japan is a superaging society, with the percentage of persons aged >65 years increasing year after year. Traditional medicine (TM) for elderly has been practiced worldwide for thousands of years. Treatment methods for aspiration pneumonia, gait disorder, glaucoma, and bowel symptoms have been developed. The ideas of acupuncture, moxibustion, and herbal medicine have been implemented in modern medical settings, and medical devices using heat transfer engineering and nanotechnology have been developed. An ultrasound scanner can be used for the evaluation of effects and indications for these therapeutic measures. Objectives. To review published literature and our studies that evaluated medical treatments for the elderly on the basis of ideas of TM. Search Methods. We searched Pubmed, Scopus, and reference lists of relevant clinical trials. Authors’ Conclusions. Many studies were found. But there are insufficient data on the effects of traditional medical therapies and further research is needed. TM therapies vary widely and studies of these therapies that ascertain practical application are essential for the utilization of ideas of TM in modern medicine. Moreover, to verify practical application, a quantitative evaluation index is necessary. Nonetheless, modalities using ideas of TM may be promising treatments for some diseases in the elderly.