Table of Contents
Advances in Nephrology
Volume 2014, Article ID 731657, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/731657
Review Article

Deleterious Effects of Increased Intra-Abdominal Pressure on Kidney Function

1Department of Nephrology, The Nazareth Hospital-EMMS, Nazareth, Israel
2Galilee Medical School, Bar Ilan University, Safed, Israel
3Research Unit, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel
4Department of Physiology & Biophysics, Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, P.O. Box 9649, 31096 Haifa, Israel

Received 18 June 2014; Revised 9 October 2014; Accepted 9 October 2014; Published 12 November 2014

Academic Editor: Dewan S. Abdul Majid

Copyright © 2014 Zaher Armaly and Zaid Abassi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. L. Cheatham, M. L. N. G. Malbrain, A. Kirkpatrick et al., “Results from the international conference of experts on intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome. II. Recommendations,” Intensive Care Medicine, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 951–962, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. H. Mohmand and S. Goldfarb, “Renal dysfunction associated with intra-abdominal hypertension and the abdominal compartment syndrome,” Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 615–621, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. Demyttenaere, L. S. Feldman, and G. M. Fried, “Effect of pneumoperitoneum on renal perfusion and function: a systematic review,” Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 152–160, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. L. E. Ratner, J. Hiller, M. Sroka et al., “Laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy removes disincentives to live donation,” Transplantation Proceedings, vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 3402–3403, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. B. Bishara, T. Karram, S. Khatib et al., “Impact of pneumoperitoneum on renal perfusion and excretory function: beneficial effects of nitroglycerine,” Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 568–576, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. Z. Abassi, B. Bishara, T. Karram, S. Khatib, J. Winaver, and A. Hoffman, “Adverse effects of pneumoperitoneum on renal function: Involvement of the endothelin and nitric oxide systems,” The American Journal of Physiology—Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology, vol. 294, no. 3, pp. R842–R850, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. L. Dalfino, L. Tullo, I. Donadio, V. Malcangi, and N. Brienza, “Intra-abdominal hypertension and acute renal failure in critically ill patients,” Intensive Care Medicine, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 707–713, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. C. Norton, V. V. Georgiopoulou, A. P. Kalogeropoulos, and J. Butler, “Epidemiology and cost of advanced heart failure,” Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 78–85, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. V. J. Dzau, “Renal and circulatory mechanisms in congestive heart failure,” Kidney International, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 1402–1415, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. Packer, “The neurohormonal hypothesis: a theory to explain the mechanism of disease progression in heart failure,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 248–254, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. G. S. Francis, C. Benedict, D. E. Johnstone et al., “Comparison of neuroendocrine activation in patients with left ventricular dysfunction with and without congestive heart failure: a substudy of the Studies of Left Ventricular Dysfunction (SOLVD),” Circulation, vol. 82, no. 5, pp. 1724–1729, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. D. Katz, M. Schwarz, J. Yuen, and T. H. LeJemtel, “Impaired acetylcholine-mediated vasodilation in patients with congestive heart failure: role of endothelium-derived vasodilating and vasoconstricting factors,” Circulation, vol. 88, no. 1, pp. 55–61, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Jessup and S. Brozena, “Medical progress: heart failure,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 348, no. 20, pp. 2007–2018, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. V. L. Szatalowicz, P. E. Arnold, C. Chaimovitz, D. Bichet, T. Berl, and R. W. Schrier, “Radioimmunoassay of plasma arginine vasopressin in hyponatremic patients with congestive heart failure,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 305, no. 5, pp. 263–266, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  15. C. Napoli, A. Casamassimi, V. Crudele, T. Infante, and C. Abbondanza, “Kidney and heart interactions during cardiorenal syndrome: A molecular and clinical pathogenic framework,” Future Cardiology, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 485–497, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. T. Tsuruda, G. Boerrigter, B. K. Huntley et al., “Brain natriuretic peptide is produced in cardiac fibroblasts and induces matrix metalloproteinases,” Circulation Research, vol. 91, no. 12, pp. 1127–1134, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. G. E. Woodard and J. A. Rosado, “Recent advances in natriuretic peptide research: molecular Medicine,” Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 1263–1271, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. D. Aronson, “Cardiorenal syndrome in acute decompensated heart failure,” Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 177–189, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. K. F. Adams Jr., G. C. Fonarow, C. L. Emerman et al., “Characteristics and outcomes of patients hospitalized for heart failure in the United States: rationale, design, and preliminary observations from the first 100,000 cases in the Acute Decompensated Heart Failure National Registry (ADHERE),” The American Heart Journal, vol. 149, no. 2, pp. 209–216, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. Gheorghiade, F. Follath, P. Ponikowski et al., “Assessing and grading congestion in acute heart failure: a scientific statement from the acute heart failure committee of the heart failure association of the European society of cardiology and endorsed by the European society of intensive care medicine,” European Journal of Heart Failure, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 423–433, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. R. J. Mentz, K. Kjeldsen, G. P. Rossi et al., “Decongestion in acute heart failure,” European Journal of Heart Failure, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 471–482, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. A. Goldberg, H. Hammerman, S. Petcherski et al., “Inhospital and 1-year mortality of patients who develop worsening renal function following acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction,” American Heart Journal, vol. 150, no. 2, pp. 330–337, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. Goldberg, E. Kogan, H. Hammerman, W. Markiewicz, and D. Aronson, “The impact of transient and persistent acute kidney injury on long-term outcomes after acute myocardial infarction,” Kidney International, vol. 76, no. 8, pp. 900–906, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. S. Gottlieb, W. Abraham, J. Butler et al., “The prognostic importance of different definitions of worsening renal function in congestive heart failure,” Journal of Cardiac Failure, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 136–141, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. R. Cowie, M. Komajda, T. Murray-Thomas, J. Underwood, and B. Ticho, “Prevalence and impact of worsening renal function in patients hospitalized with decompensated heart failure: results of the prospective outcomes study in heart failure (POSH),” European Heart Journal, vol. 27, no. 10, pp. 1216–1222, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. K. Damman, M. A. E. Valente, A. A. Voors, C. M. O'Connor, D. J. Van Veldhuisen, and H. L. Hillege, “Renal impairment, worsening renal function, and outcome in patients with heart failure: an updated meta-analysis,” European Heart Journal, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 455–469, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. B. B. Newsome, D. G. Warnock, W. M. McClellan et al., “Long-term risk of mortality and end-stage renal disease among the elderly after small increases in serum creatinine level during hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 168, no. 6, pp. 609–616, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. C. Ronco, M. Cicoira, and P. A. McCullough, “Cardiorenal syndrome type 1: pathophysiological crosstalk leading to combined heart and kidney dysfunction in the setting of acutely decompensated heart failure,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 60, no. 12, pp. 1031–1042, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. M. Haase, C. Müller, K. Damman et al., “Pathogenesis of cardiorenal syndrome type 1 in acute decompensated heart failure: Workgroup statements from the eleventh consensus conference of the acute dialysis quality initiative (ADQI),” Contributions to Nephrology, vol. 182, pp. 99–116, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. F. H. Verbrugge, M. Dupont, P. Steels et al., “Abdominal contributions to cardiorenal dysfunction in congestive heart failure,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 62, no. 6, pp. 485–495, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. J. J. de Waele, I. de Laet, A. W. Kirkpatrick, and E. Hoste, “Intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome,” American Journal of Kidney Diseases, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 159–169, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. W. Mullens, Z. Abrahams, H. N. Skouri et al., “Elevated intra-abdominal pressure in acute decompensated heart failure: a potential contributor to worsening renal function?” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 300–306, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. S. E. Bradley and G. P. Bradley, “The effect of increased intra-abdominal pressure on renal function in man,” The Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol. 26, pp. 1010–1022, 1947. View at Google Scholar
  34. J. M. Doty, B. H. Saggi, H. J. Sugerman et al., “Effect of increased renal venous pressure on renal function,” Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care, vol. 47, no. 6, pp. 1000–1003, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. G. L. Bloomfield, C. R. Blocher, I. F. Fakhry, D. A. Sica, and H. J. Sugerman, “Elevated intra-abdominal pressure increases plasma renin activity and aldosterone levels,” Journal of Trauma, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 997–1004, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. W. Mullens, Z. Abrahams, G. S. Francis, D. O. Taylor, R. C. Starling, and W. H. W. Tang, “Prompt reduction in intra-abdominal pressure following large-volume mechanical fluid removal improves renal insufficiency in refractory decompensated heart failure,” Journal of Cardiac Failure, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 508–514, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. M. Perrin and A. Fletcher, “Laparoscopic abdominal Surgery. Continuing to education in anaesthesia,” Critical Care and Pain, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 107–110, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  38. M. L. Cheatham, “Abdominal compartment syndrome: pathophysiology and definitions,” Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, vol. 17, p. 10, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. S. Elsamra and G. Pareek, “Complications of laparoscopic renal surgery,” International Journal of Urology, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 206–214, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. A. Cárdenas and P. Ginès, “Pathogenesis and treatment of fluid and electrolyte imbalance in cirrhosis,” Seminars in Nephrology, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 308–316, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. P. Gines, M. Guevara, V. Arroyo, and J. Rodes, “Hepatorenal Syndrome,” Lancet, vol. 362, no. 9398, pp. 1819–1827, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. S. Møller, F. Bendtsen, and J. H. Henriksen, “Pathophysiological basis of pharmacotherapy in the hepatorenal syndrome,” Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 491–500, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. K. L. Skorecki, J. Winaver, and Z. A. Abassi, “Extracellular fluid and edema formation,” in The Kidney, B. M. Brenner, Ed., pp. 398–458, Saunders Elsevier, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  44. R. W. Schrier, V. Arroyo, M. Bernardi, M. Epstein, J. H. Henriksen, and J. Rodes, “Peripheral arterial vasodilation hypothesis: a proposal for the initiation of renal sodium and water retention in cirrhosis,” Hepatology, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 1151–1157, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. P. Y. Martin, P. Ginès, and R. W. Schrier, “Mechanisms of Disease: nitric oxide as a mediator of hemodynamic abnormalities and sodium and water retention in cirrhosis,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 339, no. 8, pp. 533–541, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. R. Moreau and D. Lebrec, “Acute renal failure in patients with cirrhosis: perspectives in the age of MELD,” Hepatology, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 233–243, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. K. U. Eckardt, “Renal failure in liver disease,” Intensive Care Medicine, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 5–14, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. R. Cade, H. Wagemaker, S. Vogel et al., “Hepatorenal syndrome. Studies of the effect of vascular volume and intraperitoneal pressure on renal and hepatic function,” American Journal of Medicine, vol. 82, no. 3, pp. 427–438, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. A. Umgelter, W. Reindl, M. Franzen, C. Lenhardt, W. Huber, and R. M. Schmid, “Renal resistive index and renal function before and after paracentesis in patients with hepatorenal syndrome and tense ascites,” Intensive Care Medicine, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 152–156, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. D. T. Chang, A. J. Kirsch, and I. S. Sawczuk, “Oliguria during laparoscopic surgery,” Journal of Endourology, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 349–352, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. S. Nishio, H. Takeda, and M. Yokoyama, “Changes in urinary output during laparoscopic adrenalectomny,” BJU International, vol. 83, no. 9, pp. 944–947, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. W. O. Richards, W. Scovill, B. Shin, and W. Reed, “Acute renal failure associated with increased intra-abdominal pressure,” Annals of Surgery, vol. 197, no. 2, pp. 183–187, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. P. K. Harman, I. L. Kron, H. D. McLachlan, A. E. Freedlender, and S. P. Nolan, “Elevated intra-abdominal pressure and renal function,” Annals of Surgery, vol. 196, no. 5, pp. 594–597, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. A. W. Chiu, K. M. Azadzoi, D. G. Hatzichristou, M. B. Siroky, R. J. Krane, and R. K. Babayan, “Effects of intra-abdominal pressure on renal tissue perfusion during laparoscopy,” Journal of Endourology, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 99–103, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. A. W. Chiu, L. S. Chang, D. H. Birkett, and R. K. Babayan, “A porcine model for renal hemodynamic study during laparoscopy,” Journal of Surgical Research, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 61–68, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. E. J. Hazebroek, R. W. F. de Bruin, N. D. Bouvy et al., “Long-term impact of pneumoperitoneum used for laparoscopic donor nephrectomy on renal function and histomorphology in donor and recipient rats,” Annals of Surgery, vol. 237, no. 3, pp. 351–357, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. T. Junghans, B. Böhm, K. Gründel, W. Schwenk, and J. M. Müller, “Does pneumoperitoneum with different gases, body positions, and intraperitoneal pressures influence renal and hepatic blood flow?” Surgery, vol. 121, no. 2, pp. 206–211, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. F. Lindberg, D. Bergqvist, M. Björck, and I. Rasmussen, “Renal hemodynamics during carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum: an experimental study in pigs,” Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 480–484, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. E. T. London, H. S. Ho, A. M. C. Neuhaus, B. M. Wolfe, S. M. Rudich, and R. V. Perez, “Effect of intravascular volume expansion on renal function during prolonged CO2 pneumoperitoneum,” Annals of Surgery, vol. 231, no. 2, pp. 195–201, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. E. M. McDougall, T. G. Monk, J. S. Wolf Jr. et al., “The effect of prolonged pneumoperitoneum on renal function in an animal model,” Journal of the American College of Surgeons, vol. 182, no. 4, pp. 317–328, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. J. D. Wiesenthal, L. M. Fazio, A. E. Perks et al., “Effect of pneumoperitoneum on renal tissue oxygenation and blood flow in a rat model,” Urology, vol. 77, no. 6, pp. 1508.e9–1508.e15, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  62. A. J. Kirsch, T. W. Hensle, D. T. Chang, M. L. Kayton, C. A. Olsson, and I. S. Sawczuk, “Renal effects of CO2 insufflation: oliguria and acute renal dysfunction in a rat pneumoperitoneum model,” Urology, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 453–459, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  63. B. D. Hamilton, G. K. Chow, S. R. Inman, N. T. Stowe, and H. N. Winfield, “Increased intra-abdominal pressure during pneumoperitoneum stimulates endothelin release in a canine model,” Journal of Endourology, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 193–197, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  64. J. L. Joris, J.-D. Chiche, J.-L. M. Canivet, N. J. Jacquet, J. J. Y. Legros, and M. L. Lamy, “Hemodynamic changes induced by laparoscopy and their endocrine correlates: effects of clonidine,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 1389–1396, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  65. A.-M. Koivusalo, I. Kellokumpu, M. Scheinin, I. Tikkanen, L. Halme, and L. Lindgren, “Randomized comparison of the neuroendocrine response to laparoscopic cholecystectomy using either conventional or abdominal wall lift techniques,” British Journal of Surgery, vol. 83, no. 11, pp. 1532–1536, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  66. S. Odeberg, O. Ljungqvist, T. Svenberg, and A. Sollevi, “Lack of neurohumoral response to pneumoperitoneum for laparoscopic cholecystectomy,” Surgical Endoscopy, vol. 12, no. 10, pp. 1217–1223, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  67. H. S. Ho, C. J. Saunders, R. A. Gunther, and B. M. Wolfe, “Effector of hemodynamics during laparoscopy: CO2 absorption or intra- abdominal pressure?” Journal of Surgical Research, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 497–503, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  68. J. Zacherl, E. Thein, M. Stangl et al., “The influence of periarterial papaverine application on intraoperative renal function and blood flow during laparoscopic donor nephrectomy in a pig model,” Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 1231–1236, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  69. F. F. Gudmundsson, A. Viste, O. L. Myking, L. Bostad, K. Grong, and K. Svanes, “Role of angiotensin II under prolonged increased intraabdominal pressure (IAP) in pigs,” Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques, vol. 17, no. 7, pp. 1092–1097, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  70. N. T. Nguyen, R. V. Perez, N. Fleming, R. Rivers, and B. M. Wolfe, “Effect of prolonged pneumoperitoneum on intraoperative urine output during laparoscopic gastric bypass,” Journal of the American College of Surgeons, vol. 195, no. 4, pp. 476–483, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  71. J. M. Nogueira, C. B. Cangro, J. C. Fink et al., “A comparison of recipient renal outcomes with laparoscopic versus open live donor nephrectomy,” Transplantation, vol. 67, no. 5, pp. 722–728, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  72. M. R. Borba, R. I. Lopes, M. Carmona, B. M. Neto, S. C. Nahas, and P. R. B. Pereira, “Effects of enalaprilat on the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and on renal function during CO2 pneumoperitoneum,” Journal of Endourology, vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 1026–1031, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  73. P. Lindström, J. Wadström, A. Ollerstam, C. Johnsson, and A. E. G. Persson, “Effects of increased intra-abdominal pressure and volume expansion on renal function in the rat,” Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, vol. 18, no. 11, pp. 2269–2277, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  74. S. Yilmaz, T. Koken, C. Tokyol et al., “Can preconditioning reduce laparoscopy-induced tissue injury?” Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 819–824, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  75. D. L. Mattson, R. J. Roman, and A. W. Cowley Jr., “Role of nitric oxide in renal papillary blood flow and sodium excretion,” Hypertension, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 766–769, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  76. S. Moncada, R. M. J. Palmer, and E. A. Higgs, “Nitric oxide: physiology, pathophysiology, and pharmacology,” Pharmacological Reviews, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 109–142, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  77. B. Bishara, N. Abu-Saleh, H. Awad et al., “Phosphodiesterase 5 inhibition protects against increased intra-abdominal pressure-induced renal dysfunction in experimental congestive heart failure,” European Journal of Heart Failure, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 1104–1111, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  78. M. Naffaa, N. Abu-Saleh, H. Awad et al., “Acute obstructive jaundice and chronic cirrhosis protect against the adverse renal effects of pneumoperitoneum: role of nitric oxide,” Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques, vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 2517–2525, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  79. K. Shimazutsu, K. Uemura, K. M. Auten et al., “Inclusion of a nitric oxide congener in the insufflation gas repletes s-nitrosohemoglobin and stabilizes physiologic status during prolonged carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum,” Clinical and Translational Science, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 405–412, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  80. J. Winaver, A. Hoffman, J. C. Burnett Jr., and A. Haramati, “Hormonal determinants of sodium excretion in rats with experimental high-output heart failure,” The American Journal of Physiology—Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology, vol. 254, no. 5, pp. R776–R784, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  81. Z. A. Abassi, S. Brodsky, T. Karram, I. Dobkin, J. Winaver, and A. Hoffman, “Temporal changes in natriuretic and antinatriuretic systems after closure of a large arteriovenous fistula,” Cardiovascular Research, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 567–576, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  82. Z. Abassi, K. Gurbanov, I. Rubinstein, O. S. Better, A. Hoffman, and J. Winaver, “Regulation of intrarenal blood flow in experimental heart failure: role of endothelin and nitric oxide,” The American Journal of Physiology—Renal Physiology, vol. 274, no. 4, pp. F766–F774, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  83. Z. A. Abassi, K. Gurbanov, S. E. Mulroney et al., “Impaired nitric oxide-mediated renal vasodilation in rats with experimental heart failure: role of angiotensin II,” Circulation, vol. 96, no. 10, pp. 3655–3664, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  84. J. D. Imig and R. J. Roman, “Nitric oxide modulates vascular tone in preglomerular arterioles,” Hypertension, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 770–774, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  85. S. H. Kubo, T. S. Rector, A. J. Bank, R. E. Williams, and S. M. Heifetz, “Endothelium-dependent vasodilation is attenuated in patients with heart failure,” Circulation, vol. 84, no. 4, pp. 1589–1596, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  86. J. Green and O. S. Better, “Systemic hypotension and renal failure in obstructive jaundice—mechanistic and therapeutic aspects,” Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, vol. 5, no. 11, pp. 1853–1871, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  87. E. B. Bostanci, S. Yol, Z. Teke et al., “Effects of carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum on hepatic function in obstructive jaundice: an experimental study in a rat model,” Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery, vol. 395, no. 6, pp. 667–676, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  88. K. C. Zalesin, B. A. Franklin, W. M. Miller, E. D. Peterson, and P. A. McCullough, “Impact of obesity on cardiovascular disease,” Medical Clinics of North America, vol. 95, no. 5, pp. 919–937, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  89. D. P. Guh, W. Zhang, N. Bansback, Z. Amarsi, C. L. Birmingham, and A. H. Anis, “The incidence of co-morbidities related to obesity and overweight: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” BMC Public Health, vol. 9, article 88, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  90. C. Zoccali, S. M. Seck, and F. Mallamaci, “Obesity and the epidemiology and prevention of kidney disease: waist circumference versus body mass index,” American Journal of Kidney Diseases, vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 157–159, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  91. C. Zoccali, “The obesity epidemics in ESRD: from wasting to waist?” Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 376–380, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  92. D. M. Lambert, S. Marceau, and R. A. Forse, “Intra-abdominal pressure in the morbidly obese,” Obesity Surgery, vol. 15, no. 9, pp. 1225–1232, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  93. M. L. N. G. Malbrain, M. L. Cheatham, A. Kirkpatrick et al., “Results from the International Conference of Experts on Intra-abdominal Hypertension and Abdominal Compartment Syndrome. I. Definitions,” Intensive Care Medicine, vol. 32, no. 11, pp. 1722–1732, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  94. M. Luaces, E. Martínez-Martínez, M. Medina et al., “The impact of bariatric surgery on renal and cardiac functions in morbidly obese patients,” Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. iv53–iv57, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  95. M. Navarro-Diaz, A. Serra, R. Romero et al., “Effect of drastic weight loss after bariatric surgery on renal parameters in extremely obese patients: Long-term follow-up,” Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, vol. 17, pp. S213–S217, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  96. M. H. Ahmed and C. D. Byrne, “Bariatric surgery and renal function: a precarious balance between benefit and harm,” Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 3142–3147, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  97. A. S. Staelens, S. Van Cauwelaert, K. Tomsin, T. Mesens, and M. L. Malbrain, “Intra-abdominal pressure measurements in term pregnancy and postpartum: an observational study,” PLoS ONE, vol. 9, no. 8, Article ID e104782, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  98. C. E. Richter, S. Saber, and S. F. Thung, “Eclampsia complicated by abdominal compartment syndrome,” The American Journal of Perinatology, vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 751–753, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  99. R. Chun and A. W. Kirkpatrick, “Intra-abdominal pressure, intra-abdominal hypertension, and pregnancy: a review,” Annals of Intensive Care, vol. 2, supplement 1, article S5, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  100. H. J. Sugerman, “Hypothesis: preeclampsia is a venous disease secondary to an increased intra-abdominal pressure,” Medical Hypotheses, vol. 77, no. 5, pp. 841–849, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  101. R. Chun, L. Baghirzada, C. Tiruta, and A. W. Kirkpatrick, “Measurement of intra-abdominal pressure in term pregnancy: a pilot study,” International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 135–139, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus