Table of Contents
Advances in Nursing
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 725968, 19 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/725968
Review Article

Effectiveness of the Interventions Utilized in Genetic Counseling

1College of Nursing, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 1921 E. Hartford Avenue, Cunningham Hall Room 685, Milwaukee, WI 53211-3060, USA
2Division of Biomedical Informatics, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive No. 0728, Building 2, La Jolla, CA 92093-0728, USA

Received 12 April 2014; Revised 11 June 2014; Accepted 12 June 2014; Published 3 July 2014

Academic Editor: Caroline Sanders

Copyright © 2014 Jeeyae Choi and Hyeoneui Kim. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Advances in genetic science and biotechnology accumulated huge knowledge of genes and various genetic tests and diagnostic tools for healthcare providers including nurses. Genetic counseling became important to assist patients making decisions about obtaining genetic testing or preventive measures. Method. This review was conducted to describe the counseling topics, various interventions adopted in genetic counseling, and their effectiveness. Experimental studies ( ) published between 1999 and 2012 were synthesized. Results. The most frequently covered topic was benefits and limitations of genetic testing on breast cancer ovarian and colorectal cancers. Most of researchers focused on evaluating cognitive aspect and psychological well-being. Conclusion. No single intervention was consistently reported to be effective. Decision aids enhanced with information technologies have potential to improve the outcomes of genetic counseling by providing tailored information and facilitating active engagement of patients in information uptake. Clinical Implication. When nurses are familiar with topics and interventions of genetic counseling, they are well positioned to provide genetic/genomic information to the patient and families.