Advances in Nursing / 2014 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Pressure Ulcer among Hospitalized Patients at Felegehiwot Referral Hospital, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

Table 2

Association between some selected variables and pressure ulcer in Felegehiwot referral hospital, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, 2013 ( = 422).

VariablesPressure ulcerCORAOR
YesNo(95% CI)(95%)

Age
 18–32 years30 (14.2%)182 (85.8%)1
 33–53 years24 (17.8%)111 (82.2%)1.31 0.73, 2.36)
 ≥54 years17 (22.7%)58 (77.3%)1.78 (0.91, 3.46)*
Sex
 Male42 (19.6%)172 (80.4%)1
 Female29 (13.9%)179 (86.1%)0.66 (0.39, 1.11)*
Religion
 Orthodox60 (17.1%)290 (82.9%)1
 Muslim8 (13.1%)53 (86.9%)0.73 (0.33, 1.61)
 Protestant3 (42.1%)4 (57.1%)0.63 (0.79, 6.61)
 Others04 (100%)0.000 (0.00)
Place of residence
 Urban24 (13.3%)156 (86.7%)1
 Rural47 (19.4%)195 (80.6%)1.57 (0.92, 2.68)*
Educational status
 Illiterate34 (22.4%)118 (77.6%)2.16 (0.85, 5.51)*
 Read and write7 (22.6%)24 (77.4%)2.19 (0.66, 7.25)*
 Grades 1–46 (10.2%)53 (89.8%)0.85 (0.26, 2.82)
 Grades 5–810 (14.3%)60 (85.7%)1.25 (0.42, 3.69)
 Grades 9-108 (13.6%)51 (86.4%)1.18 (0.38, 3.65)
 >grade 106 (11.8%)45 (88.2%)1
Marital status
 Married43 (15.8%)229 (84.2%)1
 Single12 (15.4%)66 (84.6%)0.97 (0.48, 1.94)
 Divorced7 (15.6%)38 (84.4%)0.98 (0.41, 2.34)
 Widowed9 (33.3%)18 (66.7%)2.66 (1.12, 6.320)**
Length of stay
 ≤6 days14 (7.8%)166 (92.2%)11
 7–20 days45 (21.7%)162 (78.3%)3.29 (1.74, 6.23)**3.71 (1.8, 7.9)
 ≥21 days12 (34.3%)23 (65.7%)6.19 (2.55, 15.0)**5.97 (1.98, 18)
Change of position
 No66 (18.2%)297 (81.8%)2.40 (0.92, 6.23)*
 Yes5 (8.5%)54 (91.5%)1
Sensory perception
 Completely limited7 (36.8%)12 (63.2%)5.54 (1.88, 16.36)**1.39 (0.36, 5.32)
 Very limited18 (22.8%)61 (77.2%)2.8 (1.31, 6.00)**1.57 (0.59, 4.16)
 Slightly limited32 (18.1%)145 (81.9%)2.1 (1.07, 4.10)**3.29 (1.39, 7.75)
 No impairment 14 (9.5%)133 (90.6%)11
Moisture
 Constantly moist8 (32%)17 (68%)4.64 (1.48, 14.57)**
 Very moist34 (26.8%)93 (73.2%)3.6 (1.51, 8.61)**
 Occasionally moist22 (11.3%)172 (88.7%)1.26 (0.52, 3.09)
 Rarely moist7 (9.2%)69 (90.8%)1
Activity
 Bedfast53 (34.4%)101 (65.6%)3.36 (1.24, 9.13)**
 Chairfast8 (6.4%)117 (93.6%)0.44 (0.13, 1.43)*
 Walks occasionally5 (4.7%)101 (95.3%)0.32 (0.09, 1.17)*
 Walks frequently 5 (13.5%)32 (86.5%)1
Mobility
 Completely immobile42 (47.2%)47 (52.8%)6.55 (2.54, 16.93)**
 Very limited13 (9.3%)127 (90.7%)0.75 (0.27, 2.11)
 Slightly limited10 (7%)133 (93%)0.55 (0.19, 1.60)
 No limitation6 (12%)44 (88%)1
Nutrition
 Very poor11 (27.5%)29 (72.5%)2.74 (1.17, 6.42)**
 Probably inadequate42 (17.9%)192 (82.1%)1.58 (0.87, 2.87)*
 Adequate18 (12.2%)130 (87.8%)1
Friction and shear
 Problem26 (48.1%)28 (51.9%)13.54 (6.13, 29.9)**4.49 (1.56, 12.9)
 Potential problem33 (18.2%)148 (81.8%)3.25 (1.62, 6.52)**1.89 (0.79, 4.54)
 No apparent problem12 (6.4%)175 (93.6%)11

NB: ≤ 0.2, ≤ 0.05.
The logistic regression used backward LR for multivariate analysis.