Table of Contents
Advances in Orthopedic Surgery
Volume 2014, Article ID 706042, 6 pages
Review Article

A Brief History of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

1Department of Trauma & Orthopaedics, The Adelaide & Meath Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin 24, Ireland
2Department of Trauma & Orthopaedics, Galway Regional Hospitals, Galway, Ireland

Received 10 December 2013; Accepted 17 March 2014; Published 17 April 2014

Academic Editor: Palaniappan Lakshmanan

Copyright © 2014 Nikolaos Davarinos et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Reconstructions of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are among the most frequently performed procedures in knee surgery nowadays. The history of ACL surgery can be traced as far back as the Egyptian times. The early years reflect the efforts to establish a viable, consistently successful reconstruction technique while, during the early 20th century, we witness an increasing awareness of, and interest in, the ligament and its lesions. Finally, we highlight the most important steps in the evolution of the ACL reconstruction surgery by discussing the various techniques spanning the years using not only autologous grafts (fascia lata, meniscal, hamstring, patella tendon, bone-patella tendon-bone, and double bundle grafts) but also synthetic ones and allografts.