Table of Contents
Advances in Optical Technologies
Volume 2008, Article ID 383927, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2008/383927
Research Article

Silicon Photonic Biosensors for Lab-on-a-Chip Applications

1Instituto de Microelectronica de Barcelona, CNM-CSIC, Campus UAB, Bellaterra 08193, Barcelona, Spain
2Nanobiosensors and Molecular Nanobiophysics Group, Research Center on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (CIN2: CSIC-ICN), Campus UAB, Bellaterra 08193, Barcelona, Spain

Received 13 February 2008; Accepted 24 April 2008

Academic Editor: Pavel Cheben

Copyright © 2008 Kirill Zinoviev et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In the last two decades, we have witnessed a remarkable progress in the development of biosensor devices and their application in areas such as environmental monitoring, biotechnology, medical diagnostics, drug screening, food safety, and security, among others. The technology of optical biosensors has reached a high degree of maturity and several commercial products are on the market. But problems of stability, sensitivity, and size have prevented the general use of optical biosensors for real field applications. Integrated photonic biosensors based on silicon technology could solve such drawbacks, offering early diagnostic tools with better sensitivity, specificity, and reliability, which could improve the effectiveness of in-vivo and in-vitro diagnostics. Our last developments in silicon photonic biosensors will be showed, mainly related to the development of portable and highly sensitive integrated photonic sensing platforms.