Table of Contents
Advances in Optical Technologies
Volume 2012, Article ID 838752, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/838752
Review Article

Infrared: A Key Technology for Security Systems

Centro Ricerche Elettro Ottiche, SS.17 Località Boschetto, 67100 L’Aquila, Italy

Received 26 September 2012; Accepted 23 October 2012

Academic Editor: Ovidio Salvetti

Copyright © 2012 Carlo Corsi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Infrared science and technology has been, since the first applications, mainly dedicated to security and surveillance especially in military field, besides specialized techniques in thermal imaging for medical diagnostic and building structures and recently in energy savings and aerospace context. Till recently the security applications were mainly based on thermal imaging as surveillance and warning military systems. In all these applications the advent of room temperature, more reliable due to the coolers avoidance, low cost, and, overall, completely integrable with Silicon technology FPAs, especially designed and tailored for specific applications, smart sensors, has really been impacted with revolutionary and new ideas and system concepts in all the infrared fields, especially for security applications. Lastly, the advent of reliable Infrared Solid State Laser Sources, operating up to the Long Infrared Wavelength Band and the new emerging techniques in Far Infrared Submillimeter Terahertz Bands, has opened wide and new areas for developing new, advanced security systems. A review of all the items with evidence of the weak and the strong points of each item, especially considering possible future developments, will be reported and discussed.