Table of Contents
Advances in Optical Technologies
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 594628, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/594628
Research Article

Optical Spatial Filter to Suppress Beam Wander and Spatial Noise Induced by Atmospheric Turbulence in Free-Space Optical Communications

Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI, Depok 16424, Indonesia

Received 20 November 2014; Revised 5 April 2015; Accepted 27 April 2015

Academic Editor: Mikhail Noginov

Copyright © 2015 Ucuk Darusalam et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. V. W. S. Chan, “Free-space optical communications,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 24, no. 12, pp. 4750–4762, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. K. Wakamori, K. Kazaura, and I. Oka, “Experiment on regional broadband network using free-space-optical communication systems,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 3265–3273, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. W. J. Miniscalco and S. A. Lane, “Optical space-time division multiple access,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 30, no. 11, pp. 1771–1785, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. R. Paudel, Z. Ghassemlooy, H. Le-Minh, and S. Rajbhandari, “Modelling of free space optical link for ground-to-train communications using a Gaussian source,” IET Optoelectronics, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. Park, E. Lee, and G. Yoon, “Average bit-error rate of the alamouti scheme in gamma-gamma fading channels,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 269–271, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. Niu, J. Cheng, and J. F. Holzman, “Error rate analysis of M-ary coherent free-space optical communication systems with K-distributed turbulence,” IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 664–668, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. Recolons, L. C. Andrews, and R. L. Phillips, “Analysis of beam wander effects for a horizontal-path propagating Gaussian-beam wave: focused beam case,” Optical Engineering, vol. 46, no. 8, Article ID 086002, pp. 1–11, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. Y. Ren, A. Dang, B. Luo, and H. Guo, “Capacities for long-distance free-space optical links under beam wander effects,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 22, no. 14, pp. 1069–1071, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M.-A. Khalighi, N. Schwartz, N. Aitamer, and S. Bourennane, “Fading reduction by aperture averaging and spatial diversity in optical wireless systems,” Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, vol. 1, no. 6, pp. 580–593, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. F. Xu, A. Khalighi, P. Caussé, and S. Bourennane, “Channel coding and time-diversity for optical wireless links,” Optics Express, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 872–887, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. C. Abou-Rjeily and A. Slim, “Cooperative diversity for free-space optical communications: transceiver design and performance analysis,” IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 658–663, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. A. Kashani, M. M. Rad, M. Safari, and M. Uysal, “All-optical amplify-and-forward relaying system for atmospheric channels,” IEEE Communications Letters, vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 1684–1687, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. Rivera and M. Álvarez, “Assessment of PbSe photoconductors for the realization of free-space midinfrared optical communication links,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 267–269, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Y. Yuan, Y. Cai, J. Qu, H. T. Eyyuboǧlu, and Y. Baykal, “Average intensity and spreading of an elegant Hermite-Gaussian beam in turbulent atmosphere,” Optics Express, vol. 17, no. 13, pp. 11130–11139, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. P. S. Priambodo, U. Darusalam, and E. T. Rahardjo, “Free-space optical propagation noise suppression by Fourier optics filter pinhole,” International Journal of Optics and Applications, vol. 5, pp. 27–32, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  16. L. C. Andrews and R. L. Phillips, Laser Beam Propagation through Random Media, SPIE Press, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 2nd edition, 2005.
  17. H.-E. Hwang, G.-H. Yang, and P. Han, “Study and improvement of near-field diffraction limits of circular aperture imaging systems,” Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 335–340, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. Perez, Z. Ghassemlooy, S. Rajbhandari, M. Ijaz, and H. Le Minh, “Ethernet FSO communications link performance study under a controlled fog environment,” IEEE Communications Letters, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 408–410, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. Ijaz, Z. Ghassemlooy, J. Perez, V. Brazda, and O. Fiser, “Enhancing the atmospheric visibility and fog attenuation using a controlled FSO channel,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 25, no. 13, pp. 1262–1265, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. M. Bennett and E. J. Ashley, “Infrared reflectance and emittance of silver and gold evaporated in ultrahigh vacuum,” Applied Optics, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 221–224, 1965. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. Y.-S. Hurh, K.-W. Shin, S.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Lee, “Weather-insensitive optical free-space communication using gain-saturated optical fiber amplifiers,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 23, no. 12, pp. 4022–4025, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus