Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Optical Technologies
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 6148974, 8 pages
Research Article

Novel Raman Parametric Hybrid L-Band Amplifier with Four-Wave Mixing Suppressed Pump for Terabits Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexed Systems

1Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, Punjabi University, Patiala, India
2Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, Thapar University, Patiala, India

Received 29 September 2015; Revised 18 January 2016; Accepted 19 January 2016

Academic Editor: Mikhail Noginov

Copyright © 2016 Gaganpreet Kaur et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We demonstrate improved performance of parametric amplifier cascaded with Raman amplifier for gain of 54.79 dB. We report amplification of L-band using 100 × 10 Gbps Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexed (DWDM) system with 25 GHz channel spacing. The gain achieved is the highest reported so far with gain flatness of 3.38 dB without using any gain flattening technique. Hybrid modulated parametric pump is used for suppressing four-wave mixing (FWM) around pump region, resulting in improvement of gain flatness by 2.42 dB. The peak to peak variation of gain is achieved less than 1.6 dB. DWDM system with 16-channel, 25 GHz spaced system has been analyzed thoroughly with hybrid modulated parametric pump amplified Raman-FOPA amplifier for gain flatness and improved performance in terms of BER and -factor.