Table of Contents
Advances in Physical Chemistry
Volume 2012, Article ID 362608, 9 pages
Research Article

The N HF Interactions in the X-Pyridazine ( H F ) 𝟐 Complexes: Substituent Effects and Energy Components

Department of Chemistry, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, P.O. Box 98135-674, Zahedan, Iran

Received 31 October 2011; Revised 4 January 2012; Accepted 24 January 2012

Academic Editor: Laimutis Bytautas

Copyright © 2012 Ali Ebrahimi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The effects of substituents on the NHF interactions in the X-pyridazine ( H F ) 𝑛 (X = N(CH3)2, NHCH3, NH2, C2H5, CH3, OCH3, OH, CN, OF, NO2, F, Br, Cl, and 𝑛 = 1 , 2 ) complexes have been studied at the B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level of theory. In all complexes, the binding energies increase for the electron-donating substituents and decrease for the electron-withdrawing substituents. A negative cooperativity is observed for two hydrogen bond interactions. There are meaningful relationships between the Hammett constants and the energy data and the results of population analysis in the binary and ternary complexes. Symmetryadapted perturbation theory (SAPT) analysis was also carried out to unveil the nature of hydrogen bond in the complexes 2 and 3. The electron-donating substituents increase the magnitude of the SAPT interaction energy components and the electron-withdrawing substituents decrease those components. The highest/lowest change is observed for the 𝐸 e x c h / 𝐸 d i s p component. The effect of C2H5 (or CH3) on different components is higher than OCH3 in the complex 2 while the trend is reversed in the complex 3. It is demonstrated that the electrostatic interaction plays a main role in the interaction, although induction and dispersion interactions are also important.