Table of Contents
Advances in Power Electronics
Volume 2013, Article ID 157431, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/157431
Research Article

Control of DFIG Wind Turbines Based on Indirect Matrix Converters in Short Circuit Mode to Improve the LVRT Capability

Electrical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, P.O. Box 9177948974, Mashhad, Iran

Received 29 August 2013; Revised 8 October 2013; Accepted 9 October 2013

Academic Editor: C. M. Liaw

Copyright © 2013 Ahmad Khajeh and Reza Ghazi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. “World wind energy report 2010,” Tech. Rep., World Wind Energy Association, Bonn, Germany, 2011, http://www.wwindea.org.
  2. T. Friedli, J. W. Kolar, J. Rodriguez, and P. W. Wheeler, “Comparative evaluation of three-phase AC-AC matrix converter and voltage DC-link back-to-back converter systems,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 59, no. 12, pp. 4487–4510, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. L. Wei and T. A. Lipo, “A novel matrix converter topology with simple commutation,” in Proceedings of the 36th IAS Annual Meeting of Industry Applications Conference, vol. 3, pp. 1749–1754, Chicago, Ill, USA, September 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. G. Michalke, Variable speed wind turbines—modeling, control, and impact on power systems [Ph.D. thesis], Riso National Laboratory, Roskilde County, Denmark, 2008.
  5. Z. Lu, J. Xinmin, and Z. Liangyu, “A novel LVRT control strategy of DFIG based rotor active crowbar,” in Proceedings of the Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference (APPEEC ’11), pp. 1–6, Wuhan, China, March 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. W. Maoze, X. Wei, J. Hongjie, and Y. Xinghuo, “A novel method to optimize the active crowbar resistance for low voltage ride through operation of doubly-fed induction generator based on wind energy,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, (ISIE ’12), pp. 957–962, Hangzhou, China, May 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. R. Lohde, S. Jensen, A. Knop, and F. W. Fuchs, “Analysis of three phase grid failure and doubly fed induction generator ride-through using crowbars,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications, pp. 1–8, Aalborg, Denmark, September 2007.
  8. P. Ling, B. Francois, and L. Yongdong, “Improved crowbar control strategy of dfig based wind turbines for grid fault ride-through,” in Proceedings of the 24th Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC ’09), pp. 1932–1938, Washington, DC, USA, February 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. W. Zhang, P. Zhou, and Y. He, “Analysis of the by-pass resistance of an active crowbar for doubly-fed induction generator based wind turbines under grid faults,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems (ICEMS ’08), pp. 2316–2321, Wuhan, China, October 2008. View at Scopus
  10. J. Yang, D. G. Dorrell, and J. E. Fletcher, “A new converter protection scheme for doubly-fed induction generators during disturbances,” in Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, (IECON ’08), pp. 2100–2105, Orlando, Fla, USA, November 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Z. Zhong, Y. Geng, and G. Hua, “Short circuit current analysis of DFIG-type WG with crowbar protection under grid faults,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISIE ’12), pp. 1072–1079, Hangzhou, China, May 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. J. Zhai, B. Zhang, K. Wang, and W. Shao, “Three-phase symmetrical short circuit current characteristic analysis of doubly fed induction generator with crowbar protection,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies—Asia (ISGT Asia ’12), pp. 1–5, Tianjin, China, May 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. X. Shuai, Y. Geng, Z. Honglin, and G. Hua, “An LVRT control strategy based on flux linkage tracking for DFIG-based WECS,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 60, no. 7, pp. 2820–2832, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. M. Rahimi and M. Parniani, “Efficient control scheme of wind turbines with doubly fed induction generators for low-voltage ride-through capability enhancement,” IET Renewable Power Generation, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 242–252, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. I. Esandi, X. Juankorena, J. López, and L. Marroyo, “Alternative protection system for wind turbines with doubly fed induction generator,” in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Power Engineering, Energy and Electrical Drives (POWERENG ’09), pp. 501–506, Lisbon, Portugal, March 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. Rahimi and M. Parniani, “Grid-fault ride-through analysis and control of wind turbines with doubly fed induction generators,” Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 80, no. 2, pp. 184–195, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. F. K. A. Lima, A. Luna, P. Rodriguez, E. H. Watanabe, and F. Blaabjerg, “Rotor voltage dynamics in the doubly fed induction generator during grid faults,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 118–130, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. Liang, W. Qiao, and R. G. Harley, “Direct transient control of wind turbine driven DFIG for low voltage ride-through,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Power Electronics and Machines in Wind Applications (PEMWA ’09), pp. 1–7, Lincoln, Neb, USA, June 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. X. Shuai, G. Hua, Z. Honglin, and Y. Geng, “Analysis of the control limit for rotor-side converter of doubly fed induction generator-based wind energy conversion system under various voltage dips,” Renewable Power Generation, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 71–81, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. O. Gomis-Bellmunt, A. Junyent-Ferré, A. Sumper, and J. Bergas-Jané, “Ride-through control of a doubly fed induction generator under unbalanced voltage sags,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 1036–1045, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. Y. Zhou, P. Bauer, J. A. Ferreira, and J. Pierik, “Operation of grid-connected DFIG under unbalanced grid voltage condition,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 240–246, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. D. Li and H. Zhang, “A combined protection and control strategy to enhance the LVRT capability of a wind turbine driven by DFIG,” in Proceedings of the 2nd IEEE International Symposium on Power Electronics for Distributed Generation Systems, (PEDG ’10), pp. 703–707, Hefei, China, June 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. L. Qicheng and L. Yuping, “An integration of super capacitor storage research for improving low-voltage-ride-through in power grid with wind turbine,” in Proceedings of the Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference (APPEEC ’12), pp. 1–4, Shanghai, China, March 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. W. Guo, L. Xiao, and S. Dai, “Enhancing low-voltage ride-through capability and smoothing output power of DFIG with a superconducting fault-current limiter–magnetic energy storage system,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 277–295, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. Chakraborty, S. K. Musunuri, A. K. Srivastava, and A. K. Kondabathini, “Integrating statcom and battery energy storage system for power system transient stability: a review and application,” Advances in Power Electronics, vol. 2012, Article ID 676010, 12 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. K. Ibrahima and C. Zhao, “Modeling of wind energy conversion system using doubly fed induction generator equipped batteries energy storage system,” in Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Electric Utility Deregulation and Restructuring and Power Technologies, (DRPT ’11), pp. 1780–1787, Weihai, China, July 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. E. Reyes, R. Pena, R. Cardenas, P. Wheeler, J. Clare, and R. Blasco-Gimenez, “Application of indirect matrix converters to variable speed doubly fed induction generators,” in Proceedings of the 39th IEEE Annual Power Electronics Specialists Conference (PESC ’08), pp. 2698–2703, Rhodes, Greece, June 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. Amini, R. Kazemzahed, and H. Madadi Kojabadi, “Performance enhancement of indirect matrix converter based variable speed Doubly-fed induction generator,” in Proceedings of the 1st Power Electronic & Drive Systems & Technologies Conference (PEDSTC ’10), pp. 450–455, Tehran, Iran, February 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. E. Reyes, R. Pena, R. Cardenas, J. Clare, and P. Wheeler, “Control of a doubly-fed induction generator with an indirect matrix converter with changing DC voltage,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISIE ’10), pp. 1230–1235, Bari, Italy, July 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. W. Deng, Z. Chen, L. Zhou, and Y. Yang, “Research on the performance of low voltage ride-through for doubly fed induction generator excited by two-stage matrix converter,” in Proceedings of the IEEE 6th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference (IPEMC '09), pp. 638–643, Wuhan, China, May 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. G. D. Marques and D. M. e Sousa, “A new sensorless MRAS based on active power calculations for rotor position estimation of a DFIG,” Advances in Power Electronics, vol. 2011, Article ID 970364, 8 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  32. J. D'Atre, A. Klodowski, A. Ritter et al., “System and method for power control in wind turbine,” US Patent 0024059, 2007.