Table 4: Parameters used for comparative analysis.

Model MPP points RMSD FFMax. eff. (in %) Simulation time

Single diode Model 17.092 V
1.172 A
0.05610.725615.73662.14 s

Improved ideal single diode model 17.087 V
1.169 A
0.05870.724415.68810.86 s

Proposed model 17.1 V
1.17 A
0.05310.726315.78620.89 s