Table 11: Distinguishability for three-step RC ladder network.

Fault typeDistinguishabilityBy measuring

shortDistinguishable at all
openDistinguishable at all or
shortDistinguishable at all
shortDistinguishable except in the range = 26–29 (), ()
openDistinguishable except in the range = 22–29
shortDistinguishable except at = 30
shortDistinguishable at all (), ()
openDistinguishable except at = 29 (), ()
shortDistinguishable at all