Table 19: Distinguishability for four-step RC ladder network.

Fault typeDistinguishabilityBy measuring

shortDistinguishable at all or
openDistinguishable at all or
shortDistinguishable at all or
shortDistinguishable at all or
openDistinguishable except at , (, ), (all other )
shortDistinguishable except at
shortDistinguishable except for
openDistinguishable except at (), (all other )
shortDistinguishable except at
shortDistinguishable at all or
openDistinguishable except at
shortDistinguishable at all or