Table of Contents
Advances in Psychiatry
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 636151, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/636151
Research Article

Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of Patients with Dementia in Greece

1Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Patras, 26500 Rio Patras, Greece
2Psychiatric Hospital of Tripoli, 5th Km Tripolis-Kalamatas, 22100 Tripoli, Greece
3Health Center of Erymanthia, 25015 Erymanthia, Greece
4Department of Medical Affairs, Janssen-Cilag, 56 Eirinis Avenue, Pefki, 15121 Athens, Greece
5Department of Health Economics, National School of Public Health, 196 Alexandras Avenue, 11521 Athens, Greece

Received 1 August 2014; Revised 20 October 2014; Accepted 22 October 2014; Published 17 November 2014

Academic Editor: Takahiro Nemoto

Copyright © 2014 Eleni Jelastopulu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Dementia’s prevalence increases due to population aging. The purpose of this study was to determine the demographic profile of Greek patients with dementia and the differences in management between the urban and rural population. Methods. A cross sectional study was carried out including 161 randomly selected specialists from different regions in Greece who filled in a structured questionnaire relating to patients with dementia, regarding various sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. Results. A total of 4580 patients (52% males) with dementia were recorded. Mean age was 73.6 years and 31% lived in rural areas. The Mini Mental Status Examination (MMSE) was used in 87% of cases. In the urban areas the diagnosis of dementia was made in an earlier stage of the disease in comparison to the rural areas . Higher comorbidity and a higher percentage of low education were evident in rural residents , while higher medication usage was observed in urban patients . Conclusions. The results implicate the need for improvement in health care delivery in Greek rural areas and health care professionals’ training to achieve a proper treatment of dementias and increase the quality of life among the elderly habitants of remote areas.